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OG13-76题,RON大神解释的一些解读~

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发表于 2013-8-23 00:42:54 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence, the Neanderthals appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path, but their relatively sudden disappearance during the Paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt to some environmental change led to their extinction.
(A) appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(B) appear to have beenequipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(C) appear as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,


B选项appear to have been equipped为什么要用现在完成时?(byRON)
this isn't a present perfect construction, because it's actually an infinitive.
i.e., it's not "they have been equipped"; it's "they appear TO HAVE been equipped".
(个人理解:前一句是现在完成时;后一句是过去时,因为appear习惯用法是后面+to do此处been equipped是被动语态的过去式,所以表达式就变成了they appear TO HAVE been equipped.)
in any case, you should probably just memorize this construction as a one-off idiomatic structure. if you say "they seemed/appeared to...", then, no matter how remote the event is (in time), you use this construction.
for instance:
it seems that the students cheated on the exam
(normal past tense in this construction)
but...
the students seem to have cheated on the exam
(not here)
i don't really have a good explanation for this, other than "i'm a writer with a firm command of formal english, and i know that it is so" and "you should just think of it as an idiom". sorry i can't do better than that.
in any case, though, you DO have to use an infinitive after "appear" or "seem" in this sort of construction. and if you think about it, this is as past-tense as an infinitive can get. so that's why you have to use it.

简而言之,我的解读是:
appear to have been equipped 这里不是现在完成时have been,是appear to have习惯用法+been equipped
被动语态的过去时。
这也正好符合OG解释
The verb tense clearly indicates that the current evidence is about Neanderthals in the past.
appear现在时,been equipped是过去发生的

各位路过能否讨论下,这样理解是否正确,谢过~
最近在CD发帖老是没人理我很受伤啊。。。。虽然帖子的问题很没脑
发表于 2016-2-19 07:04:52 | 显示全部楼层
千万别深入研究语法,这对考试帮助很小,考试考的是语意和是否通顺。
这个题首先向appear as是要加名词的,就像那道题:sunspots...appear as dark spots....所以很显然appear to 更通顺一些。
然后to和for作比较,to更好一些。

原文意思:结合了更强体能和更高智商,尼安德特人看起来已经具备了克服任何存在于他们前进道路上的障碍(的能力),但是他们在旧石器时代的突然消失表明他们缺少适应环境变化的能力导致他们的灭亡。

为什么用have been?因为语意告诉我们,虽然已经有了。。但是还是灭亡了,你能读出“已经”来。为什么appear?appear是现在的人看尼安德特人,现在的人不可能跑到过去看他们所以不能用ed。为什么后面是indicate?因为他们的灭亡是在现在表明的,而不是在过去。

做题要看关键,这个题关键是 appear as/to, as+名词,to+动词。如果你一上来就分析时态,那么肯定就要花很多时间。大部分情况下,时态不是拿到一个题第一个应该考虑的因素。
发表于 2014-4-2 00:44:46 | 显示全部楼层
看到有人介绍了appear/seem to have done
http://www.englishtenses.com/perfect_infinitive_continuous
发表于 2013-9-28 10:30:37 | 显示全部楼层
问题的关键是如何在做题的时候能够调用出对于题目的“理解”,这点比较重要。按照答案分析(我没有说不好或者一定没用),有时候会让自己不知道自己究竟会怎么想,反而强迫自己按照答案去理解,我觉得这样意义不大,考试时候也比较危险。
 楼主| 发表于 2013-9-29 19:40:31 | 显示全部楼层
natiannatian 发表于 2013-9-28 10:30
问题的关键是如何在做题的时候能够调用出对于题目的“理解”,这点比较重要。按照答案分析(我没有说不好或 ...

的确,这是我目前遇到的很大的问题。就像中学学习数学时一样,看答案总觉得自己理解了,但是真正自己做的时候还是什么都不懂。目前语法碰到了问题,所谓的感觉越来越差,10月底就是最后一战了,不知道能否给点建议? 感谢.
发表于 2013-10-5 11:54:28 | 显示全部楼层
boreposuo 发表于 2013-9-29 19:40
的确,这是我目前遇到的很大的问题。就像中学学习数学时一样,看答案总觉得自己理解了,但是真正自己做的 ...

哈,你好。我也是10月28考试,我觉得语法还是有一定的方法的,但是绝对不是传统的“语法点”的方法,一些特别确定的语法点,比如主谓一致,或者逻辑主语可以用来排除一些选项,但是考试时候估计只能排除一两个选项,剩下的一定是用语义推理。我现在决定把逻辑和阅读一起进行,语法需要严格形成思维模式。我们一起加油!我的qq:693710018,可以一起交流。
 楼主| 发表于 2013-10-6 21:35:53 | 显示全部楼层
natiannatian 发表于 2013-10-5 11:54
哈,你好。我也是10月28考试,我觉得语法还是有一定的方法的,但是绝对不是传统的“语法点”的方法,一些 ...

复习越到后面越有同样的感觉,逻辑为王。

OG和PERP语法点更细,往往靠几个点就可以排除大部分选项,而实战的时候感觉选项之间的差异小太多,而且很少有那么明显的语法点。   加你了,不过最近几乎都待图书馆,申请快截止再不考出来实在是来不及了。
发表于 2014-4-2 00:16:08 | 显示全部楼层
http://www.beatthegmat.com/og-12-q-73-t38806.html
ron帖子的地址。。。
原来ron800分呀!!!!!
发表于 2015-10-17 12:03:12 | 显示全部楼层
berylzhang 发表于 2014-4-2 00:44
看到有人介绍了appear/seem to have done
http://www.englishtenses.com/perfect_infinitive_continuous ...

Mark一下!               
发表于 2016-2-19 10:10:49 | 显示全部楼层
感谢分享!               
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