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[语文] 新GRE阅读36套答案及讲解(CD制造)

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 楼主| 发表于 2011-12-13 08:50:48 | 显示全部楼层
EXERCISE 16

1.  细节定位:哪个证据A蜜蜂比E蜜蜂抵抗寄生虫能力更强?
A.  定位L4:“In parts of Europe, this mite is devastating honeybees and killing
many colonies despite preventive measures by beekeepers”
B.  定位在上句的下一句:“But in Brazil Varroa jacobsoni has been present in
Africanized bees since 1972 without the loss of a single colony, even though
beekeepers there undertook no preventive measures”
C.  表达的意思和题干相反;
2.  仔细读题干问的是reason:
定位在L13:“Some researchers point out that this resistance may be related to
the Africanized worker bee's shorter development period”
3.  削弱题:一定要仔细看题目中要求削弱的对象是“resistance of Africanized bees to
Varroa jacobsoni”,注意不要随意添加新信息并且进行多步推理。
A.  正确答案:出现了两个关键词,并且逻辑符合削弱的感觉。
B.  Number of colonies 新信息;
C.  说反了,螨虫在E蜜蜂生活的更好,跟原文一致了,题目是削弱;
D.  没什么关系;
E.  Honey新信息;
4.  定位L9的although, 后面一定是一个负评价的东西,答案A、B;
B中提到的内容文章没有涉及,A里面说的就是文章后面说的东西,追根溯源,其
实还是源于意大利的。
5.  Strengthen 的对象是:“concerning the debt of the acto to the theater traditions
of other periods and regions”
A.  没有关键词的出现,无关内容;
B.  laywright 新内容;
C.  没有体现出other
D.  无关内容;
E选项和题干的支持内容紧密的对应。
6.    定位人名在L11,例子从前面找结论:
“By writing in English and experimenting with European literary forms,
contemporary American Indian writers have broadened their
potential audience, while clearly retaining many essential characteristics of
their ancestral oral traditions.”  答案A。
7.    
A.  文章没提,即使提了这样说也与文意相反;
B.  文章的结构就是用老的翻译和新的writing进行对比,新的内容取非就是老的
特点;定位同上第六题;
C.  同样是的新的writing取非,定位L6:‖ experimenting with European literary
forms‖.
8.  没有歧视和哪个contradict,肯定是一个有歧视的感觉的选项:
A.  没提Fuchs's study;
B.  该选项极具迷惑性,一定要小心“Some explicit results of Brown's study”;
而原文中说,定位L14:
“One can infer from Brown's results that consumers discriminate against
self-employed women”
C.  还是因为上一句的定位,C勉强成为正确选项;
D.  Fuchs同意歧视;
E.  Sanborn同意歧视;
9.  那些忽视修辞的人,追溯到他们的____?
A.  他们guided by “scientistic thinkers“,排除;
B.  他们guided by  “logic“,排除;
C.  Completely没有体现;
D.  Misunderstanding没有体现;
E.  不明白E是什么感觉;
10. B很好的展示出了两者互补的感觉。
11.  题干的讨论的内容会导致两种结果一个是crystalline structure,另一个是
amorphous structure;所以答案D
12. 首先,我也是定位在了最后一句话
whereas in nonmetallic glasses the rate of formation is so slow that almost any
cooling rate is sufficient to result in an amorphous structure
sufficient在韦氏字典的解释:  enough to meet the needs of a situation;我个人觉
得sufficient在这里多、快、充足这样的感觉。
这句话的意思也就是:formation太慢了以至于  无论冷却的多慢 对于  result in an
amorphous structure 都是足够快了。
如果没有formation太慢这个前提的话,正常情况应该是冷却速度越快,越有可能
导致result in an amorphous structure。
可以做个类比:
因为:姚明太高了以至于  无论他跳的多低 对于他能摸到篮筐都是足够高了
所以:对于正常人来讲,跳的越高,就越有可能摸到篮筐
13. “which is controlled by factors such as the nature of the chemical bonding and
the ease with which atoms move relative to each other”。
 楼主| 发表于 2011-12-14 07:47:15 | 显示全部楼层
EXERCISE 17

1.  定位到“Much of this controversy probably results from unwarranted
extrapolations”,以及之前的“Some geologists argue that pillow lava is
characterized by discrete, ellipsoidal masses. Others describe pillow lava as a
tangled mass of cylindrical.”可以看出作者并没有站某一个观点立场上,只是客观
的分析两种的观点的共同存在的原因。所以BC都不可选。
2. “unwarranted extrapolations”告诉我们了答案A,其他的都没提。
3.  容易选A,因为最后一句话,但是发现B选项的意思包含了A的感觉,果断选择
意思更广,相对更抽象更上义的选项。并且A说的也不妥,A的取反是地质学家们
坚持使用pillow,而文章里没有体现这样的内容。
4.  第一次做这个题把文章内容和选项都理解反了,所以导致这道题做对了- -!
题干问P认为SB的mistake,也就应该是P和SB有分歧的地方,定位回原文:
“In effect, in trying to demonstrate that the imagination is more profound and
less submissive to the intellect than Saint-Beuve assumed,Proust elicited vital
memories”
通过than可以知道,Saint-Beuve应该assume:  
―Imagination is less profound and more submissive to the intellect‖  也就是说
intellect应该更重要。
再回去看选项:
A.  这内容没提;
B.  直译过来应该是:SB将太多的创造想象的过程分配给了intellect,也就是认为
intellect重要;
C.  lot 没有看到这个感觉。
5.  可以直接托福做法。
6.  定位“There is some dispute about the method of transport involved”答案B。
7.  Flotation后面跟的是doubt on these hypotheses,找到these hypotheses指代前
面的内容答案D.
8.  根据Puritan colonies have been rapidly assimilating to the dominant cultural
patterns;答案B;
9.  On the other hand, it is insufficient to treat the artwork solely后面的句子就是解
释这个原因。
10. On the other hand,之后是对critic的负评价;并且Unduly,solely带着一种
extreme的感觉。答案D.
 楼主| 发表于 2011-12-15 09:44:21 | 显示全部楼层
EXERCISE 18

1.  定位到“in the inner solar system (Mercury, Venus, Mars, and Earth)—from
planet-forming materials in the presolar nebula.”以及
“while the typical planet-forming materials were quite rich in iron”
可以知道答案 BC。
2.  定位到“One problem with the collision hypothesis is how a satellite formed in
this way could have settled into the nearly circular orbit that the Moon has today”  
3.  题目问的是反对“the collision hypothesis”
“If it is true, the mantle rocks of the Moon and the Earth should be the same
geochemically”知道“should be the same geochemically”是假设成立的必要条
件,必要条件不成立,假设必然不成立。B选项说,在月球形成以后,他们的物质
不一样了(地球变了,月球没变)
4.  旧观点-被挑战-作者再质疑新观点,所以是对新观点的 evaluation  
5.  第一句恶心的长难句表达的意思是在 1763 年之前英格兰的政策是倾向商业的,而
之后一个逐渐向军事统治扩张的变化,导致了独立战争。
如果读着费劲,可以对Webb 的观点取反。答案:D.
6.  关键词定位回原文:“all of whom were bent on extending centralized executive
power over England’s possessions through the use of what Webb calls ―garrison
government.”答案 B
7.  Except 题:
A. “Backed by the military presence of the garrison, these governors tried to
prevent the gentry and merchants, allied in the colonial assemblies, from
transforming colonial America into a capitalistic oligarchy.”动作的发出者搞
错了。
B.  the purpose of garrison government was to provide military support for a
royal policy designed to limit the power of the upper classes
C.  没提“the stationing of English troops”
8.  只觉得 C,其他的没感觉。
9.  定位overutilization,然后往后看,全文最后一句话。
10. 定位“Found in all the oceans of the world, including the Arctic Ocean,”infer 出
答案:C。
 楼主| 发表于 2011-12-16 08:55:35 | 显示全部楼层
EXERCISE 19

1.  定位到“most rhinovirus strains bind to the same kind of molecule
(delta-receptors) on a cell's surface when they attack human cells ”  答案E。
2.  定位到“Colonno realized that an antibody binding to the common receptors of a
human cell would prevent rhinoviruses from initiating an infection”选D。
3.  托福阅读法:B
4.  通过转折知道后面一定是一件好的事情,这个工程带来的好处,与多花钱相对:
A.  个人感觉涨得快降得也快。只是都说了快,没说涨幅和降幅的数量关系,不够
明确,不知道stable在了一个什么价位。即使说的是降得也快,这也不是什么
好事儿,降价对于政府来讲就更亏了。
B.  保护即将干涸的湖泊;增加旅游收入
C.  找到买油的地方了,跟题目无关;
D.    Another选项,与题目无关;即使是这样,也不能降低成本;
E.  与成本无关
5.  定位在“they failed to recognize that feminism was then a truly international
movement actually centered in Europe”A.  
6.  定位在“which was already popularizing feminist ideas in Europe during the two
decades that culminated in the first women‘s rights conference held at Seneca
Falls”答案D。
7.  定位在
This succession was based primarily on a series of deposits and events not
directly related to glacial and interglacial periods
=Tangentially  答案A。
8.  文章是一个小负大正的评价,BC全正排除掉,E全负排除掉,D的确两者兼顾了,
但是文章只是说在Pleistocene epoch这个分类还不错,但没说其他的都不行。    
A是正确答案。
9.  L3-L8可以得出答案  ABC。
10. When speaking of Romare Bearden, one is tempted to say, ―A great Black
American artist.
表明了后面要表达内容的目的。
发表于 2011-12-18 09:18:54 | 显示全部楼层
顶普度哥  求更新  如果我自己做完了  我可以帮发下解答吗
 楼主| 发表于 2011-12-18 09:39:32 | 显示全部楼层
EXERCISE 20

1.  定位到“Usually, it is possible to conclude that the inclusions are older than their
diamond hosts‖  答案 D。
A.  包含关系说反了;
B.  没提derive的关系;
C.  Rare igneous rocks  是 however  之前的内容;
D.  正确答案
E.  同 C;
2.  通过“determine the age”找到答案。
3.    文章第一段最后一句话设问,后面两段进行讨论解答,得出答案:B。
4.  Except 题,逐项定位:
A. “These people lack cell-surface receptors for low-density lipoproteins
(LDL’s), which are the fundamental carriers of blood cholesterol to the body
cells that use cholesterol”,没有具体对 body cell 分类讨论,不涉及which 的
问题。
B.  定位第三段“it was known that LDL?s are secreted from the liver in the form
of a precursor, called very low-density lipoproteins (VLDL’s),”点到为止,没
说怎么发现这个关系的。
C.  定位“Normally, the majority of the VLDL remnants go to the liver where they
bind to LDL receptors and are degraded”,回答了问题。
5.  文章说比普通的多,如果和普通的一样会如何,定位
Watanabe further found that the rabbits, like humans with familial
hypercholesterolemia, lacked LDL receptors. Thus, scientists could study these
Watanabe rabbits to gain a better understanding of familial
hypercholesterolemia in humans.
A.  不会,只能是一样;
B.  同上;
C.  正确答案;
D.  分泌关系搞反了;
E.  没有这种免疫的感觉;
6.  只有关键词“Watanabe rabbit”,第二、三段都有,都进行定位;
A.  和第二段内容相反;
B. “What scientists learned by studying the Watanabe rabbits is that the
removal of the VLDL remnant requires the LDL receptor“ 、
VLDL的减少需要LDL receptor, W rabbit缺少LDL receptor,所以VLDL多;
C.  ―The triglycerides are removed from the VLDL?s by fatty and other tissues‖,
文章没有提到 triglycerides 的多少问题,所以无从了解 fatty and other tissues;  
D.  和 B相反;
E.  偷换概念,文章说的是LDL receptor 不是LDL;
7.  对文章最后一句话取反,即使反对者的观点。
8.  如果词认识就是托福阅读题,如果不认识,当做一道大填空题做(即使认识,推荐
后者用填空的思想再去验证一次);
But the Puerto Rican intellectuals who have written most about the assimilation
process in the United States all advance cultural nationalist views, advocating
the preservation of minority cultural distinctions and rejecting what they see as
the ______ of colonial nationalities.  
直接把他们的观点带入即可。答案 B。
Subjection
1 a : to bring under control or dominion : SUBJUGATE    
b : to make (as oneself) amenable to the discipline and control of a superior
2 : to make liable : PREDISPOSE
3 : to cause or force to undergo or endure (something unpleasant, inconvenient,
or trying
9.  一个类比,推出假设;
10. 定位在:
Political conditions, as well as a certain anti-intellectual bias, prepared
Americans and the American media to better receive Friedan?s deradicalized and
highly pragmatic The Feminine Mystique, published in 1963, than Beauvoir?s
theoretical reading of women?s situation in The Second Sex. In 1953 when The
Second Sex first appeared in translation in the United State.
A.  因为政治的变革, translation,后文也讲了国家进入了反共的时期,而 Beauvoir
又被怀疑同情马克思。
B.  事实上 Deradicalized还不足以证明这一点,因为在 NO.题的原文中后面还有
一段话:
Open acknowledgement of the existence of women‘s oppression was too
radical for the United States in the fifties, and Beauvoir‘s conclusion, that
change in women‘s economic condition, though insufficient by itself,
―remains the basic factor‖ in improving women‘s situation, was particularly
unacceptable.
答案是AB
发表于 2011-12-19 23:18:07 | 显示全部楼层
顶普渡哥!
 楼主| 发表于 2011-12-20 08:36:55 | 显示全部楼层
EXERCISE 21

1.  题干问的是as it is expressed不能单纯只定位第一句话;
往后看一句,可以知道答案是D。
2.  通过第二段的转折“But in fact, only one star in thirty dies such a violent death”
以及后面通篇举得例子就是为了说明这个观点,答案D。
3.  都是有点儿相反的感觉,A和D的最大区别是是否有fact;E的gathering data木
有提;答案A。

4.  定位在
A huge rate of mass loss (1 M⊙  every 10,000 years) has been deduced from
infrared observations of ammonia (NH3) molecules located in the circumstellar
cloud around IRC+10216.
通过红字的部分应该可以合理的推断出observations of ammonia是IRC+10216
释放出的物质;
A.  看见了敏感词only,没看见CO;
B.  正确答案;
C.  如果我们deduce的是age,那么这个就选C;
D.  1 M⊙  every 10,000 years;
E.  没有体现;
5.  定位在
Astronomers suggest that stars like IRC+10216 are actually ―proto-planetary
nebulas–old giant stars whose dense cores have almost but not quite rid
themselves of the fluffy envelopes of gas around them. Once the star has lost the
entire envelope, its exposed core becomes the central star of the planetary
nebula and heats and ionizes the last vestiges of the envelope as it flows away
into space.
答案A;
6.  定位
Schubert and Brahms, however, used elements of popular music—folk
themes—in works clearly intended as high art.
和前一个例子相对,答案明显E;
7.  一道有争议的题目D&E;
8.  选B不选A是因为文章给出了A的答案;
9.  很简答的细节题:
The families differ in appearance, structure of body hair, and arrangement of
eyes. Only Uloborids lack venom glands.
10. 逐个看一下:
A.  没提evolve;(survive不一定就是evolve的结果,也许人家品种本来就很牛逼,
都能活下来,到不了evolve这种程度);
B.  由同一物种进化而来,可能只是evolve1次;
C.  由同一物种进化而来,可能只是evolve1次;
D.  lants in the Cactaceae and Euphorbiaceae families evolved independently
对应了原文
indicates that the families evolved from different ancestors, thereby
contradicting Wiehle‘s theory;
E.  有点和A选项类似;
 楼主| 发表于 2011-12-21 10:46:40 | 显示全部楼层
EXERCISE 22

1.  定位在
“In that case, he argues, any statement or combination of statements (not
merely the ―offending generalization, as in classical empiricism) can be altered
to achieve the fundamental requirement”
答案D;

2.  定位在
any observation of a non red ball refutes unequivocally the proposed
generalization
A.  说反了;
B.  答案;
C.  说反了;
3.  定位在第二段
Space-probe photographs indicate the existence of giant volcanoes on the
Martian surface. From the small number of impact craters that appear on
Martian lava flows
答案E;
4.  定位在
recent measurements suggest that since Io?s surface is rich in sulfur and sodium,
the chemical composition of its volcanic products would probably be unlike that
of the shergottites. Moreover, any fragments dislodged from Io by interbody
impact would be unlikely to escape the gravitational pull of Jupiter
通过两个理由驳斥shergottites  从Io来的,前提是这两条是判定的依据;
答案AC;
5.  之前出过;
6.  主旨题,文章一直在强调一致,并且一直在反对哪些说不一致落的人,最后也落在
了一致性上,所以是E, 不是CD;
7.  题干问的是
author of the passage reinforce his criticism of responses such as Isaacs' to
Raisin in the Sun.
所以应该是介绍完Isaacs观点后的BUT
8.  批评者和选项的观点都是都是缺乏能力导致结果而非刻意如此做,答案C;
9.  主旨题,E的findings最准确;
10. 支持观点,支持假设即可,也就是(1)(2)的内容,II.将(1)的内容的逆否命题,
IV.把(2)的内容直接取反了,所以只有II正确,答案A。
 楼主| 发表于 2011-12-22 10:25:40 | 显示全部楼层
EXERCISE 23

1.  定位在
“The common belief of some linguist”直觉告诉我们应该就是B,辅以后面的内容,
答案B。
2.  都是代词指代不明;
3.  逐个排除:
A.  "He took his stick-no, not John's, but his own."
B.  No language is perfect, and if we admit this truth, we must also admit that it
is not unreasonable to investigate the relative merits of different languages
or of different details in languages.
C.  可以同上;
D.  文章第一句和第二句;
E.  文章全是负评价;不存在paradox;
4.  两个模型:
i.  机械能转化为磁能,磁能转化为机械能维持其自给自足的运转,可以运
转很久;
ii.  维持运转靠着磁能的不断消耗,所以将来会发生变化;
答案B;
5.  Oil boom→crime increase 因为no oil boom的时候  crime not increase
答案B说的就是这种感觉;
6.  定位在:
Many factors internal to the play, but perhaps most especially the prominence of
the chorus, led scholars to consider it one of Aeschylus' earlier works. The
consensus was that here was a drama truly reflecting an early stage in the
evolution of tragedy out of choral lyric. The play was dated as early as the 490's
B.C., in any event, well before Aeschylus' play The Persians of 472 B.C.
答案B;
7.  两种方法,density-independent  和density-dependent;答案  A;
8.  说缺点,也就是第二段的主题句:
This dichotomy has its uses, but it can cause problems if taken too literally.
9.  定位在:
For populations that remain relatively constant, or that oscillate around repeated
cycles, the signal can be fairly easily characterized and its effects described, even
though the causative biological mechanism may remain unknown
答案E;
10. 定位在第一段:
some populations remain roughly constant from year to year; others exhibit
regular cycles of abundance and scarcity; still others vary wildly, with outbreaks
and crashes that are in some cases plainly correlated with the weather, and in
other cases not.
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