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楼主: 普渡哥

[语文] 新GRE阅读36套答案及讲解(CD制造)

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发表于 2011-11-17 20:14:00 | 显示全部楼层
UP,我开始是在看吴中东的《决胜机考GRE阅读理解》里的解答的。
 楼主| 发表于 2011-11-17 23:01:52 | 显示全部楼层
谁继续往下做啊?
发表于 2011-11-18 14:23:39 | 显示全部楼层
up
发表于 2011-11-18 20:17:54 | 显示全部楼层
顶楼主啊
发表于 2011-11-21 09:49:47 | 显示全部楼层
谢谢普渡哥这么详细的讲解,小弟受益匪浅啊~
Exercise 5 第6题,小弟觉得答案就在文中倒数第二句,也就是linear perspective and anatomy的前一句。
linear perspective and anatomy是new technical elements had to be adopted to maintain the intellectual element in art的两个例子。也就是说,即使没有这俩技术,其他技术也会被采纳。所以这道题选B。
发表于 2011-11-21 10:18:22 | 显示全部楼层
非常感谢!!
发表于 2011-11-22 20:51:37 | 显示全部楼层
UP
 楼主| 发表于 2011-11-24 09:10:06 | 显示全部楼层
EXERCISE 8
1.
定位到L10,气压降低---vaporize---chill,答案C.
2.
关键词:psychohistorian & historical study;干掉CDE,B选项本末倒置,选A;
“It denies the basic criterion of historical evidence:that evidence be publicly accessible to, and therefore assessable by, allhistorians”
证明对应了even though的部分。
3.
我选C。
仔细想想其实C很荒谬,表示强调的方法很多,在英语里比较少见引号表强调,这句子里面是有特殊含义的,答案E。
4.
我第一次读题干的时候粗心了,题目里有imply,我居然还定位在“The best aluminum ore is bauxite”;
事实上,题干问的是“一种物质应该是什么或者应该容易提供什么,这种物质才能被定义为铝矿石?”
定位在
“Bauxite is the richest of all those aluminous rocks that occur in largequantities, and it yields alumina, the intermediate product required for the production of aluminum”
也就是说,氧化铝是产生铝的必不可少的中间环节,imply了mineral想要炼铝,都要产生或者就是alumina;这一点在最后一句:
“because considerably more energy is required to extract alumina from them” 中也有体现
5.
细节定位:


A.
L2
B.
L6
C.
同上
6.
定位L11,对前半句取非,得到答案C。
7.
Except题型:
A.
这个我误选了,没有想清楚最后一句话“its profound understanding of class and gender asshaping influences on people‘s lives—owes much to that earlier literaryheritage.”看主干,不要被修饰成分干扰,因为那不是作者想表达的主要意思。并且A选项把这种前后的谁决定谁的因果关系弄反了。
B.
定位到段中的数字;
C.
定位到L9 “I do not mean that left-wingpolitics were the single most important influence on it.”
8.  
同上的一句话。
9.
只有D有比较关系;
10.
括号解释“Its subject”,“Its subject”用来进行区分,答案C。E偷换了概念。
11.
全文一直在做着伊利亚特和奥德赛之间的比较。
12.
定位L9“whose motivations render him a notparticularly likable hero”
Not likable 不讨人喜欢,对应选项D。
 楼主| 发表于 2011-11-24 09:13:12 | 显示全部楼层
EXERCISE 9
1.
关键词J人和Afro-American Poetry,保留B、D,本文没讲对诗歌的影响,选D。
2.
定位在L60
“its early forms, rhythms,vocabulary, and evangelical fervor” 一一对应选项,最后一个是难点,像福音传教般狂热的。
3.
Ignore 对应文中L9的solely,答案B,虽然历史文中没有提到,正是如此,选项中有一个at least。
4.
文章第一句话:
“In the early 1950‘s, historians who studied preindustrial Europe (which wemay define here as Europe in the period from roughly 1300 to 1800) began, for the first time in large numbers(取反),to investigate more of the preindustrial European population than the 2 or 3 percent(取同)

答案:D:“a narrow range of thepreindustrial European population“
5.
当初定位错误,应该在L26,选出B;
6.
定位在L43:“ but thisinformation gives us little insight into the mental lives of the nonelites“;直接选出C选项。
7.
定位在L49:“aggregate population estimatesare very shaky “(shaky:不可靠的)
直接得出C选项,B很接近,但是却说的是nearest to the city.
8.
主旨题,B正确,其他的选项均与原文无关。L8:“Despite these difficulties, there has been importantnew work “
9.
定位在L4-L5的first、second,通过second可以得出B,production和cultivation同义重复。
10.
文章的逻辑是:叶子浸淫在海量般地氮气中,但能为之所用的却很少。(少vs多的irony)


D选项最接近:海难后救生艇漂浮在水上,能喝的却只有一小瓶水。
(少vs多的irony)
11.
定位L5:“inappropriate socialrelationships either between those who are involved and those who are notsimultaneously involved in the satisfaction of a bodily need, or between thosealready satiated and those who appear to be shamelessly gorging. “
两种关系:一种是吃不饱和吃饱了的;一种是吃饱和吃跑了还无耻贪吃的;
如果食物充足,这两种情况发生的可能性就很低。
12.
同上的解释,C;并且L13“In prehistoric times, when food was so precious”
进行了对比,也能感觉到前面在强调食物有限的感觉。
13.
中间的转折过度句。
 楼主| 发表于 2011-11-24 09:15:22 | 显示全部楼层
EXERCISE 10
1.
定位在L3和L12,发现L12对应A选项,选A。
2.
C选项的“without providing a completetheoretical explanation of that improvement.”重复文章最后一句话。
3.
A.定位L19“Islam, on the other hand,represented a radical breakaway from the Arab paganism that preceded it”;B、C文章没提。
4.  
定位L49,“merely existed discordancebetween application of the sacred law and many of the regulations framed byIslamic states”C选项重复了文章内容。核心词:at odds=discordance
5.
文章结构比较清楚,D选项。
6.
定位L42-L45,“canon law was one of itspolitical weapons”,得出答案E。
7.
新老观点对比文章,难点在于没有明显的对比词,隐藏在这里:
“This line of reasoningunderlies an exciting new theory of spiral-galaxy structure. Acomputer simulation based on this theory has reproduced the appearance of manyspiral galaxies without assuming an underlying density wave,the hallmark of themost widely accepted theory of the large-scale structureof spiral galaxies.”
这道题答案:D
8.
问的是新理论,就从新理论里面找答案:
“If many such chains werecreated in a differentially rotating galaxy, the distribution of stars wouldresemble the observed distribute in a spiral galaxy.”
Imply的问法,但答案基本重复原文,让人有些不敢选。
9.
反对题,直接驳斥新理论的reasoning chain就可以了。
新理论:巨星爆炸-超新星-巨星形成-巨星爆炸-超新星…………
C选项:巨星爆炸-超新星-巨星形成-巨星爆炸----这一步不成立了-----超新星…………
10.
觉得由一道细节题改编的多选题,通过人名定位L5:
“then legal slavery in the 1660‘s should be viewed as a reflection and an extensionof racial prejudice rather than, as many historians including Oscarand Mary Handlin have argued, the cause of prejudice

答案是AC选项。题目问的NOT。
11.
定位在L13:
“lack of certain traditions in NorthAmerica—such as a Roman conception of slavery and a Roman Catholic emphasison equality—explains why the treatment of Black slaves was more severe there than in the Spanish andPortuguese colonies of South America. ”
因为缺少导致严重,所以取非不缺少(拥有)就会减轻,答案C。
12.
态度题,定位L18“But this cannot be the wholeexplanation“
是一种部分同意的感觉,选项里筛选带“but”的,然后只有limited是一种轻否定的感觉,其他的都是全部否定。
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