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请教GWD两道逻辑题!!!!!!万谢

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发表于 2011-4-1 19:38:46 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
Political Advertisement:
Mayor Delmont’s critics complain about the jobs that were lost in the city under Delmont’s leadership.  Yet the fact is that not only were more jobs created than were eliminated, but each year since Delmont took office the average pay for the new jobs created has been higher than that year’s average pay for jobs citywide.  So it stands to reason that throughout Delmont’s tenure the average paycheck in this city has been getting steadily bigger.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument in the advertisement?
A.    The unemployment rate in the city is higher today than it was when Mayor Delmont took office.
B.    The average pay for jobs in the city was at a ten-year low when Mayor Delmont took office.
C.    Each year during Mayor Delmont’s tenure, the average pay for jobs that were eliminated has been higher than the average pay for jobs citywide.
D.    Most of the jobs eliminated during Mayor Delmont’s tenure were in declining industries.
E.    The average pay for jobs in the city is currently lower than it is for jobs in the suburbs surrounding the city
C
这个题模模糊糊的选对了,但是还是意识模糊不清晰。。。大牛们帮理理啊。。。
Q37: GWD-29-Q17
The total market value of real estate in Altonville has steadily declined over the past four years.  This decline has meant that the overall figure on which the city’s property tax is based—the assessed value of that real estate—has also declined.  The percentage of assessed value that was paid as property taxes to the city, however, did not change from year to year during this period.

The information above most strongly supports which of the following?

The percentage of Altonville’s yearly revenue that comes from money collected in property taxes did not change over the past four years.
The percentage of Altonville’s yearly revenue that comes from money collected in property taxes has declined steadily over the past four years.
The amount of revenue that Altonville collected from property taxes was lower last year than it was four years ago.
During the past four years, Altonville officials increased tax rates on other sources of revenue such as retail sales and business profits.
Altonville will soon require property owners to pay a higher percentage of the assessed value of their property as property tax.
C
不懂( ⊙ o ⊙ )啊!
发表于 2011-4-1 22:38:06 | 显示全部楼层
Political Advertisement:
Mayor Delmont’s critics complain about the jobs that were lost in the city under Delmont’s leadership.  Yet the fact is that not only were more jobs created than were eliminated, but each year since Delmont took office the average pay for the new jobs created has been higher than that year’s average pay for jobs citywide.  So it stands to reason that throughout Delmont’s tenure the average paycheck in this city has been getting steadily bigger.

D市长被指在其领导下减少了很多工作岗位。但是事实上再其执政期间不但新增岗位比淘汰的岗位多,新增岗位的平均薪资比全市的平均薪资要高。因此可以推断:D市长执政期间的这个城市的平均薪资是在稳步增长的。

C.    Each year during Mayor Delmont’s tenure, the average pay for jobs that were eliminated has been higher than the average pay for jobs citywide.
D市长执政期间每年减少工作岗位的平均薪资比全市的平均薪资要高。这样,尽管新增岗位的平均薪资也比全市的平均薪资也要高,但有可能并没有减少岗位的平均薪资高,这样总体的薪资水平将是下降的。
发表于 2011-4-1 22:56:12 | 显示全部楼层
Q37: GWD-29-Q17
The total market value of real estate in Altonville has steadily declined over the past four years.  This decline has meant that the overall figure on which the city’s property tax is based—the assessed value of that real estate—has also declined.  The percentage of assessed value that was paid as property taxes to the city, however, did not change from year to year during this period.

A地的房地产市值在过去四年中稳步下降。这种下降表明房地产的评估值(房产税的基础)也在下降。然而,上交A市的房产税在房地产评估值中所占的百分比在这段期间并没有随年度变化。

C The amount of revenue that Altonville collected from property taxes was lower last year than it was four years ago.
去年A地的税收比四年前低。(由题干,上交A市的房产税在房地产评估值中所占的百分比在这段期间并没有随年度变化,而房地产的评估值是下降的,则说明上交的房产税减少了。因而带来了全市税收的减少。)
发表于 2011-4-2 03:13:29 | 显示全部楼层
Political Advertisement:

It has two points, 1. more jobs created than were eliminated 2. The pay of those new jobs are higher than average pay. It concludes that "so the average pay of the city is increasing"

However, what if the pay of those eliminated jobs were also higher than the average pay of the city? Then we cant say those new high pay jobs really pull up the average, because the pay of the eliminated jobs might even higher.
发表于 2011-4-2 03:25:51 | 显示全部楼层
Q37: GWD-29-Q17

Three points. 1. The house value has been going down during past four years. 2. Property tax is based on the house value(so also going down) 3. the way you pay property tax has not been changed during this period(same percentage)  

Property tax = house value X percentage

So, we can easily see that the total amount of the property tax collected by the city is getting lower and lower during this period. C. is right

The trap of this quesiton is choice B. Since we do not know about the situation of other tax resources, even property tax amount going down, we still do not know whether "the percentage of Altonville’s yearly revenue that comes from money collected in property taxes is going down."
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