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pp words & 200401~200501 words ------2

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发表于 2005-3-10 06:12:00 | 显示全部楼层

pp words & 200401~200501 words ------2

2.        20041月份~11月份单词


A


abandoned = left             adj.被抛弃的, 自甘堕落的, 没有约束的, 放荡的=


absorb = appeal


absorbed by = compensate for


absorbed = engrossed                   adj.全神贯注的, 一心一意的


abundant = plentiful3


accommodate = provide for2vt.供应, 供给, 使适应, 调节, 和解, ...提供, 容纳, 调和vi.适应


accomplished = achieved      adj.完成的, 熟练的, 多才多艺的=


accumulate = collect


accumulation = collection2


accurately = correctly2    adv.正确地, 精确地


acquired through = gained from


address = speech                           n.地址, 致辞, 演讲, 说话的技巧vt....致辞, 演说, 写姓名地址, 从事, 忙于


adjacent = nearby2               a


advent = arrival2                   n.(尤指不寻常的人或事)出现, 到来


affair = event


affair = matter            n.事务, 事件, 私事, 恋爱事件, (尤指关系不长久的)风流韵aggregate = group         n.合计, 总计, 集合体adj.合计的, 集合的, 聚合的v.聚集, 集合, 合计=


aggravate                     vt.使恶化, 加重 =annoy


akin to = similar                              adj.同族的, 类似的


allied with = link to2


allocate = designate           vt.分派, 分配


allocated = designated3    .分派, 分配=vt.指明, 指出, 任命, 指派v.指定, 指派


allow = enable                              vt.允许, 承认


ally with = link to


almost = nearby


aloft = overhead2                   adv.在高处, 在上


alter = change


alter = change to


although =but


altogether = completely


amenity = pleasant                         n.宜人, 礼仪


amount


ample ≠ limited                              adj.充足的, 丰富的


ample = plentiful5         adj.充足的, 丰富的


annual


anticipate=expect              vt.预期, 期望, v.预订, 预见, 可以预料


antiseptic = clean                         adj.防腐的, 杀菌的, 消过毒的n.防腐剂, 杀菌剂


antithesis = oppose                      n.对立面=v


antithesis = opposite


apparent = obvious2             adj.显然的, 外观上的


apparently = clearly


appealing = attractive                   adj.吸引人的, 哀诉似的, 恳求似的


appear = seem               vi.出现, 看来, 似乎, 公开露面, 出版, 发表


appreciable increase = noticeable increase


appreciable = noticeable2  adj.可感知的, 可评估的


appreciative                                   a欣赏的, 有欣赏力的, 表示感激的, 承认有价值的


approach


approaching = move toward


architecture = structure         n.建筑, 建筑学=n.结构, 构造,建筑物vt.建筑, 构成, 组织


archived stored             vt.存档n.档案文件


ardent = enthusiastic2          adj.热心的, 热情洋溢的, 激烈的, 燃烧般的


argue = debate                               vi.争论, 辩论vt.说服


arise = emerge                               vi.出现, 发生, 起因于


arose = emerge               vbl.引发, 激起, 唤起


arrangement


articles = items


articulate = formulate                  adj.有关节的, 发音清晰的vt.用关节连接, 接合, 清晰明白地说


as well as = in addition to            


assertion = strong statement    n.主张, 断言, 声明=n.声明, 陈述, 综述


assistance = benefit2      n.协助, 援助, 补助, <>国家补助


assistance = help


assume = take on4               vt.假定, 设想, 采取, 呈现


astute = agile2                      adj.机敏的, 狡猾的


astute = clever3         


at random = not planning             adv.胡乱地, 随便地


attesting = confirming        v.证明= vt.确定, 批准, 使巩固, 使有效


attribute = characteristic3  n.属性, 品质, 特征, 加于, 归结于


avid = enthusiastic2             adj.渴望的


avid = eager


aware of = familiar with / in agreement with           adj.知道的, 明白的, 意识到的


B


bare = uncover


barrier = obstacle4  =impediment     n.障碍, 妨害物


be bound to = be obliged to         一定要...= 不得不


be consistent with = be compatible with2 adj.一致的, 调和的, 坚固的, [数、统]相容的


bear in mind = remember            v.记住


being = creature                            n.存在, 生命, , 本质art., ,


benefit = help


blend = combine3               vt.混和n.混和


blocked = prevented3         封锁的, 闭塞的, 联锁的


blossom = thrive


bold = brave2                        adj.大胆的n.粗体


boldly = bravely4


bold = dare                                    n.挑战vi., 胆敢vt.敢冒, 不惧


bombast = hit4                     n.夸大的言辞


boom = flourish


breakthrough = sudden advance3


broad appeal = wide popularity2


broadly = extensively2        adv.宽广地, 露骨地, 广泛


bulk = main part2        n.大小, 体积, 大批, 大多数, 散装vt.显得大, 显得重要=


bulk = large part


bulk = great quantity


bulk = major part


bulk = majority   


C


cache = hoard                               n.隐藏处所, 隐藏的粮食或物资, 贮藏物vt.隐藏, 窖藏n.高速缓冲存储器


calculate = determine4


call it a day                                    n.今天到此为止, 暂停止


capitalize on = take advantage of                         v.利用


cardinal= fundamental         adj.主要的, 最重要的


cargo = shipment


carting = transporting


cast = sample


cellar = basement                        n.地窖, 地下室, 酒窖, 藏酒量


central = essential


certain = some


certainty = exactness                    n.确定, 确实的事情


cherish = valuable            vt.珍爱, 怀抱(希望等)=a
chronic = constant
2       adj.慢性的, 延续很长的


chronically = constantly


claim = maintain                           n要求, 要求权, 主张, vt.(根据权利)要求, 认领, 声称, 主张, 需要


claimed = declared


cluster = group4


coalesce                                        v.接合


cohesion


collaborate = cooperate              vi.合作, 通敌


collaboration = joint effects


collectively = together2   adv.全体地, 共同地


collide with = run into2    v.冲突


collision = hit each other            n.碰撞, 冲突


combination = mixture                n.结合, 联合, 合并, 化合, 化合物


compelling                                    adj强制的, 强迫的, 引人注目的


compel                                          v


complement = supplement          n.补足物, [文法]补语, []余角vt.补助, 补足


completely = totally2


completely = wholly


complex = elaborate                    adj.复杂的, 合成的, 综合的n.联合体=adj.精心制作的, 详细阐述的, 精细vt.精心制作, 详细阐述v.详细描述


  complicated--made things more difficult,


component = constituent             n.成分adj.组成的, 构成的


comprehensive                              adj.全面的, 广泛的, 能充分理解的, 包容的


comprise = include2


comprising = part             v.包含, ...组成


conceive                                        vt.构思, 以为, 持有vi.怀孕, 考虑, 设想


concentrate = center                    v.集中, 浓缩


concern = interest             vt.涉及, 关系到n.(利害)关系, 关心, 关注, 关注, 所关心的是


concern on = concern with


conclude = decide


condition = characteristic2   n.条件, 情形, 环境, 社会地位vt....为条件, 使达到要求的情况


conduct = control                          n.行为, 操行v.引导, 管理, 为人, 传导


configuration = arrangement3           n.构造, 结构, 配置, 外形


confronted = faced                       vt.使面临, 对抗


consequence = result4      n.结果, []推理, 推论, 因果关系, 重要的地位t


consequence = importance3


consequent = result


consider = think about4     vt.考虑, 照顾, 认为


consider = think as


consider = view as


considerable = large                    adj.相当大(或多), 值得考虑的, 相当可观的


considerable = significant       adj.作为结果的, 随之发生的t


consist of = made up of4


consistent = regular                     adj.一致的, 调和的, 坚固的


constellation = collection3


constitute = represent4


constraint=restrict            n.约束, 强制, 局促=


construct


consume                                       vt.消耗, 消费, 消灭, 大吃大喝, 吸引vi.消灭, 毁灭


contrive = create3        v.发明, 设计, 图谋


contrive = invent2


contrived = invented


controlled = strongly structured2            adj.受约束的, 克制的


controversy = disagreement                             n.论争, 辩论, 论战


conversion = change


convert into = change to4


convert to = change into


convert = transform


convinced = strongly belief2                     adj.确信的, 深信的


convicted = condemned = doomed = sentenced


cope = deal


cope with = deal with                   vi.(善于)应付, (善于)处理


copious= plentful                         adj.很多的, 广识的, 丰富的


core = central idea2


corroborative                                adj.确定的, 证实的


counsel = advise             n.讨论, 商议, 辩护律师vt.劝告, 忠告


counter = oppose3               n.计算器, 计数器, 计算者, 柜台, 筹码adv.prep.相反--v


countervailing = compensating                      vt.补偿, 抵销vi.抵销


courageous = brave                        adj.勇敢的, 有胆量的


cover = include


creative = inventive           adj.创造性的 = adj.善于创造的, 发明的


creasing = making             n.折缝, 折痕v., 弄皱


critically = crucially2


crude = tough                               adj.天然的, 未加工的, 粗糙的, 拙劣的, 粗鲁的n.天然的物质


cycle = circle , series


D


debatable = questionable       adj.可争议的=


debate = argue


decade = a period of ten years


decimate = destroy                       vt.每十人杀一人, 大批杀害


delegate                                         n.代表vt.委派...为代表


delicate = dainty                           adj.精巧的, 精致的, 病弱的, 脆弱的, 微妙的, 棘手的, 灵敏的, 精密的


delight =                    n.快乐, 高兴, 喜悦v.(使)高兴, (使)欣喜


demand                                          n.要求, 需求(), 需要v.要求, 需要, 要求知道, 查询


demolition =destruction2                    n.破坏, 毁坏, 毁坏之遗迹


dense = think


dependable = reliable                  adj.可靠的


  devote=dedicate     ?       n.堆积物, 沉淀物, 存款, 押金, 保证金, 存放物vt.存放, 堆积vi.沉淀=


deposit = accumulate   


deposit = laid down


depicted =stressed            vt.描述, 描写=n.重压, 逼迫, 压力, 强调, 重音vt.着重, 强调, 重读


desert = abandon2


derived = originated


devoid of = scant of


devoid of = lack of


devote = dedicate2


dictate = determine            v.口述, 口授, 使听写, 指令, 指示, 命令, 规定n.指示devise = create4


dictated2


diligent = careful2        adj.勤勉的, 用功的, 细心而继续不断的


diligently = carefully


dim = decrease


diminish = remove


diminish = reduce


disassemble = broke up


discard = abandon


discarded = threw away


discern = observe


discernible


discharge


disintegrated


disoperation


disperse = scatter2


dispersal = distribution   n.散布, 分散, 消散, 驱散, 疏散  n.分配, 分发, 配给物, 销售,区分, 分类发送,发行


disposition = temperament


dissemination = spread5


distinction = difference3


distribution = dispersion3


diversity = variety    .人为的, 做作的=


documented = recorded


domestic = home


draft


drafted


dramatic = striking


draw = attract


  drawn = attracted    v., , , , 绘制, 拖曳vt.汲取, 领取, 提取, 引起, 吸引vi....移动, 挨近n.     , 和局, 拖曳 -----vt.吸引vi.有吸引力, 引起注意


duplicate = copy


dweller = resident


E


eager = enthusiastic3  =avid


earn = require


earned = acquired


elaborate = detailed


eliminate = remove2    vt.排除, 消除v.除去     


embed = implant3


emerge = arise


emergence = arise


emergence = appear


emergent = developing2


encompass = include2


encompass = involve


endangered


endangered ≠ abundant


endeavor = attempt


endeavor = enterprise


endeavor = enterprise    n.努力, 尽力vi.尽力, 努力=n.企业, 事业, 计划, 事业心, 进取心, 干事业


engage in = participate in = involve


engross = absorb3


enlarge = broaden


enlist = obtain3


enrich = enhance


enroll to one = combine2


enterprising = innovative


entire = complete


environment = setting


  environment = substance    n.环境, 外界=n.物质, 实质, 主旨


  equipped = furnished2  vt.供应, 提供, 装备, 布置v.供给


erect = build


erode = diminish


erroneous = wrong2


escalate = expand2


escalate = grow


estimate = approximate


euphoria = extreme happiness2


euphoric = extreme happy


eventually = latter2


eventually = ultimately


evidence = proof  n.明显, 显著, 明白, 迹象, 根据= n.证据, 试验, 考验adj.不能透入的,                     


                 证明用的, ..., 有耐力的vt.检验, 校对, 使不被穿透
evident = apparent


evident = obvious


evolve = develop3


exacerbate = worsen


examine


examined = required


excavated = dug out    v.挖掘, 开凿, 挖出, 挖空


exceedingly = extremely2


exceptionally = unusually


exclusively


extant (opposite) extinct


extend > conclude?   v.扩充, 延伸, 伸展, 扩大[]使疏开, 给予, 提供, 演化出的全文=v.结束, 终止, 决定, 作出结论vt.推断, 断定, 缔结, 议定


exert = reflect2


exhausted = tired


exhibit=demonstrate


expedience = advantage


expend = reach


expend = use2


explicitly = clear


explicitly = clearly


exposure = disclosure


extant ≠ extinct


extant = remaining


extant = existing


extant = living


extend = reach


extent = magnitude = scale = liberal


extol = praise


extract = remove from2


extracted = removed2


extraordinary = exceptional    adj.非常的, 特别的, 非凡的, 特派的 =adj.例外的, 异常的


F


fade away


familiar = well-known


far-reaching = broad2


fashion = popular


fashionable = popular


fashion from


fashion into


fashion out of


fashioned out of = made from3


ferry = carry2


ferry = transport


fertile = productively    adv.有结果地, 有成果地


fierce = aggressive


first and foremost = above all


fixing


flake = fragment


flake = segment


flexible = adaptable


float = stay on the top2


flourish = thriving


fluctuation2


fluctuant = change


fluent = changeable


focal area = center


focal position


forage for = hunt for = search for


forge = create


form = were created


formation


foremost = above all


foster = encourage2


foster = promote


fragile


disassemble=break part
fragment = break  up


frantic = desperate    adj.狂乱的, 疯狂的=adj


function = purpose


function = utility


furthermore = determined


furthermore = in addition to3


fuse = blend


G


gather = collect


gauge = measure2


genre = type


give over to = use for


govern


greedy = avid


green hand = unskilled laborer2


groundless = unfounded2    adj.无根据的, 没有理由的=


grounds = reasons2


guide = direct


gutsy = greedy


H


halt = stop


harness = utilize4


have nothing to do = in no relation to


hazardous = dangerous6


heavy volume


held = believed


hence = therefore4


hence = thus


high = tall


hinder = interfere with2


hues = colors


hygiene = cleanness


I


ideally = perfectly


identical = the same  adj.同一的, 同样的-


ignite = set on fire4


illusions


immediate action = instant action2


immediate area = nearest area2


immediate


immense = large


immense = great


immoral = improper2


impact = influence2


impetus = stimulus


implausible = unbelievable


imposing = impressive


impression = image2


improvisation


in any case = regardless


in contract


in fact = actually


in terms of


in the country = the opposite side is true


in the rule = usual


in the terms of


inaccessible = unreachable2


inadvertent = improper    adj.不注意的, 疏忽的, 无意中做的=adj.不适当的, 不合适的, 不正确的, 不合礼仪的, 不适宜   


  inadvertent = unintentional3  adj.不是故意的, 无心的, 无意识的


incessant


inconceivable = unimaginable3


incorporate = include


incorporating = including


ineffectively = with out any result     adv.无效地, 无用地  =


inert = motiveless4


  inevitable = unavoidable4    adj.不可避免的, 必然的=adj.不能避免的, 不可避免的, 不能取消的


infinite = unlimited


influential


infrastructure = foundation7    n.下部构造, 基础下部组织=


inhabit


inhabit = dwell


inherent = internal, instinctive


initial = orginal


initiate = start8


  initiative = naturally? / originally ?   n.主动=


innovation = first develop


innovation = new


innovative =advance


innumerable = countless


intact = unaffectable  adj.完整无缺的, 尚未被人碰过的


installation


instantaneous = immediate


instead of


intense = strong


intensity = strength3


intertwine = interweave


interwoven = intertwined


intrigue = fascinate4


invariable = without exception


irreparabledamage = permanent2


irrupt = ruin


isolated = separated


J


jeopardy


joined = meet4


joined = connected4


joint = combination


junction = connection


juvenile


K


key =important2


kinetic = athletic


L


lading = cargo2


ladings = cargos


landscape = scenery


largely = mostly2


large = extensive


launch = initial    adj.最初的, 词首的, 初始的


lead to = result in


legacy2


legitimacy = authority


lethargy = sluggish


liberal = extent2


liberal = generous


linked = connect


living ≠ extinct


locale = place


loot = steal


lucrative = profitable4    adj.有利的  


发表于 2005-3-10 08:50:00 | 显示全部楼层
謝謝分享唷!!!太感動了~~
发表于 2005-3-10 09:05:00 | 显示全部楼层

楼主的单词比我总结的好多了。

谢谢分享阿。

发表于 2005-3-11 07:33:00 | 显示全部楼层
thanks`for`sharing!!
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Mark一下! 看一下! 顶楼主! 感谢分享! 快速回复:

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