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[AWA模板] awa模板及七宗罪

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发表于 2003-3-9 00:42:00 | 显示全部楼层

awa模板及七宗罪

说明:七宗罪是攻克AA之必备法宝。

模版部分:

Argument

In this argument the author reaches the conclusion that.... The basis for this recommendation is that.... An additional reason given in support of this recommendation is that...(The author cites...as an example in support of this recommendation). At first glance, the author's argument appears to be somewhat convincing, but further reflection reveals that it omits some important concerns that should be addressed to substantiate the argument.

In the first place,

In the second place,

In the third place,

In conclusion, the author fails to provide adequate justification for.... As it stands, the reasoning does not constitute a logical argument in favor of the recommendation. To strengthen the argument, the author would have to provide evidence to prove that.... To better assess the argument, we need additional detailed information about...so that we can establish the conclusion whether....


Issue

The issue of whether...is a complex and controversial one. Different people hold different views due to their respective angles. On the one hand, as is well-known and has often been advocated, ...; on the other hand, others probably insist that.... We do not have to look very far to see the valid standpoint of this matter. In the following analysis, I would like to reason and provide evidence favoring the former one and refuting the latter one. (The complex nature of the above issue requires us to consider it on a case-by-case basis. In my point of view, whether one has advantages over the other depends on the specific circumstances.)

In the first place, the important reason that can be presented to develop my position is that.... A good example may be found in the case that.... Under this circumstance/therefore, it is obvious that....

In addition, there is another reason for me to choose the former statement/consider the latter statement to be wrong. The reason is not far to seek:.... To illustrate, a case in point in this respect is that....

Admittedly, there is no denying that...in some conditions. As we know, .... However, this alone does not constitute a sufficient support to.... (When...of X and Y are carefully compared, the most striking conclusion is obvious. To sum up, while...may be true in exceptional cases, I agree that....)

Consequently, I advocate that..., because: (1) ...; (2) .... Due to the above-mentioned reasons, which sometimes intertwine to form an organic whole and thus become more persuasive, we may safely arrive at the conclusion I support.


严重推荐:Argument之七宗罪

第一宗罪:无因果联系
The author commits a fallacy of causal oversimplification. The line of the reasoning is that because A occurred before B, the former event is responsible for the latter. (The author uses the positive correlation between A and B to establish causality. However, the fact that A coincides with B does not necessarily prove that A caused B.) But this is fallacious reasoning unless other possible causal explanations have been considered and ruled out. For example, perhaps C is the cause of these events or perhaps B is caused by D.

第二宗罪 Insufficient-sample
The evidence the author provides is insufficient to support the conclusion drawn from it. One example is logically unsounded to establish a general conclusion (The statistics from only a few recent years are not necessarily a good indicator of future trends), unless it can be shown that A1 is representative of all A. It is possible that.... In fact, in face of such limited evidence, the conclusion that B is completely unwarranted.

第三宗罪: 错误类比 (based on a false analogy )<横向>
The argument rests on the assumption that A is analogous to B in all respects. This assumption is weak, since although there are points of comparison between A and B, there is much dissimilarity as well. For example, A..., however, B.... Thus, it is likely much more difficult for B to do....

第四宗罪 all things are equal<纵向>
The author commits the fallacy of “all things are equal”. The fact that happened two years ago is not a sound evidence to draw a conclusion that.... The author assumes without justification that the background conditions have remained the same at different times or at different locations. However, it is not clear in this argument whether the current conditions at AA are the same as they used to be two years ago. Thus it is impossible to conclude that....

第五宗罪 Either-Or choice
The author assumes that AA and BB are mutually exclusive alternatives and there is no room for a middle ground. However, the author provides no reason for imposing an either-or choice. Common sense tells us that adjusting both AA and BB might produce better results.

第六宗罪 survey is doubtful
The poll cited by the author is too vague to be informative. The claim does not indicate who conducted the poll, who responded, or when, where and how the poll was conducted. (Lacking information about the number of people surveyed and the number of respondents, it is impossible to access the validity of the results. For example, if 200 persons were surveyed but only 2 responded, the conclusion that...would be highly suspect. Because the argument offers no evidence that would rule out this kind of interpretations,) Until these questions are answered, the results of the survey are worthless as evidence for the conclusion.

第七宗罪 gratuitous assumption
The author falsely depends on gratuitous assumption that.... However, no evidence is stated in the argument to support this assumption. In fact, this is not necessarily the case. For example, it is more likely that.... Therefore, this argument is unwarranted without ruling out such possibility.
发表于 2003-5-12 10:35:00 | 显示全部楼层
选个模版,略作修改,一天写2篇。作文是可以速成的(记得有一篇经验叫2天5.5分)。没有话说的情况下用废话模版,至少字数就够了,其他技巧(如增加字数的技巧、最近考过的题目整理)请参见拙文《gmat作文复习指引》
发表于 2003-3-22 20:19:00 | 显示全部楼层
终于见到了久仰的七宗罪!先是谢谢前人的努力和无私,我一定要考个好成绩才对得起你们的努力啊!
发表于 2003-3-22 23:20:00 | 显示全部楼层
behero bro,

wait your good news!
发表于 2003-5-12 10:01:00 | 显示全部楼层
我还有5天就考试了,可是作文还有很多没看,有的看了也写不出来,我都快急死了,各位大侠又有没有什么办法,这里先谢了.
发表于 2003-10-1 15:58:00 | 显示全部楼层
thank for your template!
发表于 2003-10-4 23:40:00 | 显示全部楼层
Thanks for the greating sharing!  i only have 8 days to go for the test, this definitely helps!!!
发表于 2003-10-25 21:02:00 | 显示全部楼层
the statistics....are a good indicator ....
is it grammatical?

The statistics from only a few recent years are not necessarily a good indicator of future trends






[此贴子已经被作者于2003-11-18 14:17:36编辑过]
发表于 2003-10-27 22:37:00 | 显示全部楼层
衷心感谢!
发表于 2003-11-17 05:46:00 | 显示全部楼层
非常感谢。真是雪中送炭啊
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