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[原创]一些小的提醒及写作185自己的Ideas分享

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发表于 2009-4-12 11:41:00 | 显示全部楼层

[原创]一些小的提醒及写作185自己的Ideas分享

 大家好,我是新手。上个月考完了托福,成绩还可以吧。觉得Chasedream中的内容很有用,也希望自己作为新手贡献一些。上传我复习中提醒自己注意的一些考试细节。还有185篇作文Ideas我的总结。还有北美校园Campus Vocabulary,也许对大家听力对话部分有点帮助。谢谢。

 楼主| 发表于 2009-4-12 12:30:00 | 显示全部楼层

185篇范文(都可以举自己为例子):

 

1.      People attend college or university for many different reasons (for example, new experiences, career preparation, increased knowledge).  Why do you think people attend college or university?  Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

1)      Specialized knowledge: major in one field of study (find their real interest),

2)      Useful skills: acquire skills important in society (communication, teamwork, independence, organizational skills)

3)      Learn from others: classmates from all parts of the country, different background and new perspectives. 

4)      Make real friends and long lasting friendships. (live in dorms together, share, close relationship)

 

2.      Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Parents are the best teachers.  Use specific reasons ad examples to support your answer.

 

家长是第一老师,但不一定是最好的老师。学校和社会能教给我们更多。学校学习大量知识,老师、同学都能教给我们很多父母不能教的东西。社会经验自己亲身经历,时代不同可能使父母的观念不符合现实。

 

3.      Nowadays, food has become easier to prepare.  Has this change improved the way people live?  Use specific reasons and explanations to support your answer.

YES. More free time to pursue other activities.  More free time for women, so that they can study, or advance their careers.  Men can also enjoy cooking without being intimidated by the daunting task of cooking.  The family can have a larger variety of food for meals. ( 每餐可以享用更多的菜品,丰富营养)

 

4.      It has been said, “Not everything that is learned is contained in books.”  Compare and contrast knowledge gained from experience with knowledge gained from books.  In your opinion, which source is more important?  Why?  Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

书本知识优势:容易获得、内容领域丰富、免受痛苦的过程

经验知识优势:自身经历体会深刻,从而容易在自己以后的行为中应用;书本中的内容未必符合现实;书中作者的情况和自己未必相同,因此遇到同样情况时自己的反应会不同,因此不能直接借鉴。

 

5.      A company has announced that it wishes to build a large factory near your community.  Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this new influence on your community.  Do you support or oppose the factory?  Explain your position.

支持:more employment by the factory and other businesses related (restaurants, shops), more taxes from these businesses, better infrastructure, education for the local community

反对:air, water, noise pollution, traffic jams, destroy the peaceful life, migrant workers (overcrowding the schools and hospitals)

 

6.      If you could change one important thing about your hometown, what would you change?

1)      Pollution of water and air: 人生病痛苦、影响生活和工作、花钱、国家的医疗资源和经费的浪费和负担、自然生态系统的破坏、投资者和旅游者减少、经济下滑。

2)      Traffic: 交通堵塞使办事效率降低(投资者减少)、人的心情变差(bad temper)、家庭生活受影响(父母下班在路上很久才到家,回家无法陪孩子)、影响健康(不爱出门,不到户外锻炼身体)、浪费资源(汽油)、污染空气(更多尾气)。

建议:完善公共交通系统(地铁、轻轨、Bus)、道路设计更加合理化。

3)      City planning: 北京是中国的六朝古都,有很多著名的历史文化古迹,但在城市改造中被破坏。北京失去了其特有的韵味,不仅对北京人和中国人是遗憾、而且外国人也失望。直接导致的后果:旅游的吸引力下降、国人越来越少直接接触北京/中国历史和文化,而只能在书本中了解。古迹一旦破坏,将永远无法弥补。现代化的建筑也要建,但要注意在保护古建筑的前提下,做好城市规划、可以将城市功能分区。

 

7.      How do movies or TV influence people’s behavior?

好处:电视节目增长知识、拓宽视野、电影中人物有榜样作用。

坏处:暴利情节和人物促使年轻人学坏、看多了就不勤于主动思考(看书可锻炼想象力)、让人懒惰。沉迷于电影电视,少运动,肥胖。看多了又不能区别想象中的情节和现实的倾向。电视广告容易让人有拜金倾向、过于关注外表(为了买奢侈品不择手段赚钱、为了减肥节食导致疾病)。

 

8.      Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? TV has destroyed communication among friends and family. 

未破坏:电视节目可以成为朋友间讨论的话题,从而引伸到其他重要的内容,讨论加深情感交流和友谊。适合全家一起看的电视节目,家人可交流情感、教育孩子、一起快乐放松。有些电视节目需要全家参与(才艺展示、比赛过关斩将),促进家人之间的交流与合作。

 

9.          Some people prefer to live in a small town. Others prefer to live in a big city.  Which place would you prefer to live in? 

城市:convenient life (transportation, communications, more choices of food), job opportunities, entertainment, exciting events,

小镇:slower pace, friendlier people, cleaner environment, more space, quietness,

 

10.      “When people succeed, it is because of hard work.  Luck has nothing to do with success.”  Do you agree or disagree with the quotation? 

Hard work 最重要,是根本。Luck也许只有一次,不能持续。比如,准备托福考试(考到提前准备过的写作题目是幸运,但通过努力复习,掌握了写作提高的根本方法和大量联系以后,无论什么题目都可以写好。)

 

11.  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Universities should give the same amount of money to their students’ sports activities as they give to their university libraries. 

运动能保持健康,而好身体是做所有事情的基础。运动能够提高学习效率,减轻压力,放松,使回到学习中更有效率。

 

12.  Many people visit museums when they travel to new places.  Why do you think people visit museums?

Enrich understanding of the places (首都博物馆) they are visiting or improve knowledge of a special field (自然博物馆); connection between past and present (故宫); enjoy the quietness and good for relaxation and contemplation.

 

13.  Some people prefer to eat at food stands or restaurants.  Other people prefer to prepare and eat at home. Which do you prefer?

在家吃:干净、可以想吃什么做什么、放佐料(盐、油)适量、安静享用、省钱。

 

14.  Some people believe that university students should be required to attend classes.  Others believe that going to classes should be optional for students. Which point of view do you agree with?

同意:上课可以分享有经验的老师的讲解;可以在课堂上与同学讨论,获得更多启发;锻炼自己的在众人面前的表达;敢于发表个人意见、课堂讲解的重点和考试相关。

 

不同意:大学生是成人,有能力自己决定;上课并非学习的唯一方式(做项目、听讲座、实践、自学)、锻炼如何分配时间、对自己的学习负责,学习如何用最有效的方式达到目标,从而为进入社会准备。

 

15.  Neighbors are the people who live near us.  In your opinion, what are the qualities of a good neighbor?

Helpful, sympathetic, friendly, honest, understanding, generous, willing to forgive.

 

16.  It has recently been announced that a new restaurant may be built in your neighborhood.  Do you support or oppose this plan? Why?

支持:居民多了一种选择、方便(没时间做饭的人)、

反对:脏、人杂不安全、噪音

(这种正反倾向不是很明显的题目,可以重点倾向一面,但另外一面也提到。例如,说支持,但同时也提出要让居委会与餐馆老板沟通好,保证卫生、注意安全、避免噪音扰民。)

 

17.  Some people think that they can learn better by themselves than with a teacher. Others think that it is always better to have a teacher.  Which do you prefer?

有老师:guidance, experienced, encouragement, measure of improvement, 年轻时更需要老师。

 

18.  What are some important qualities of a good supervisor?  Explain why they are important.

Respect for subordinates, willing to listen and accept suggestions from subordinates; give you support and back you up in times of trouble; willing to help; encouragement, not ridicule; concerned with the well-being of subordinates.

 

19.  Should governments spend more money on improving roads and highways or should they spend more on improving public transportation (buses, trains and subways)? Why?

公交设施:修更多的路只能鼓励更多私家车,从而造成更多的拥堵和尾气排放。建设公交设施使更多人选择公交,从而减少私家车数量,减少空气污染、减少拥堵。改善公交设施比建公路费用更少,能更快执行。市民节省了日常出行开支。

 

20.  It is better for children to grow up in the countryside than in a big city.  Do you agree or disagree?

城市:更多资源(学校多、课外活动多(音乐、美术、体育))、an earlier start of cultivating intelligence.

乡村:更健康的环境(空气、水)、大自然接触、快乐的童年(care-free

(可以认同城市为主,兼说生活在城市中也要注意多带孩子到大自然中去,不要给孩子太大的压力。要Balance

 

21.  In general, people are living longer now.  Discuss the causes of this phenomenon.

Development of modern agriculture (more food to more people);

development of modern medical and health care systems;

better nutrition and more balanced diets.

 

22.  We all work or will work in our jobs with many different kinds of people.  In your opinion, what are some important characteristics of a coworker?

Open-minded, honest, willing to help, cooperative, willing to communicate, responsible.

 

23.  In some countries, teenagers have jobs while they are still students.  Do you think this is a good idea?

Earn money to buy clothes and to travel instead of relying solely on their parents;

Enrich their experience and build up their resume;

Learn to value money, manage time and manage money;

Learn to be responsible, cooperation with co-workers; challenge themselves;

(不过前提是不影响学习)

 

24.  A person you know is planning to move to your town or city.  What do you think this person would like and dislike about living in your town or city?

喜欢:文化历史悠久、现代发达、生活便捷、变化快,总有新的事物出现、中国的首都、国际大都市(因此,能到很多有趣的国内外朋友)、发展快,有很多工作机会,美食!

不喜欢:空气污染、交通堵塞、人太多,没有安静的地方

 

25.  It has recently been announced that a large shopping center may be built in your neighborhood.  Do you support or oppose this plan?

好处:方便生活、提供娱乐场所、增加就业

坏处:人多杂乱、交通拥堵(私家车随便停)、多花本可以节省的钱(诱惑)

 

26.  It has recently been announced that a new movie theater may be built in your neighborhood.  Do you support or oppose this plan?

好处:自己喜欢看电影;身边很多朋友也喜欢,有了更好的娱乐方式;方便了(不用去很远);关联的生意会开始(餐厅、酒吧),活跃了地区的文化生活,也提供更多就业机会。

坏处:人多乱杂,吵闹、交通堵塞、诱惑

 

27.  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People should sometimes do things that they do not enjoy doing.

As a housewife, do you like getting up early in the morning and cooking for your husband and four kids?  As a student, do you enjoy studying late every night to prepare for the biggest test of your life?  As a therapist, are you attracted by the complaint and accusations from all kinds of tough patients?  As a soldier, are you entertained by risking your life for people you don’t even know?  These are only some examples of the tedious, boring and dangerous activities people engage in, and not for any kind of enjoyment.

We live in the world of duties and responsibilities, and sometimes we just have to make sacrifices and conform to the roles our society has given us.  As members of a community, we are expected to do certain things for our family members, friends, colleagues, and fellow citizens.

So why are we obliged to do things we do not enjoy?  Because we are convinced that despite all the difficulties, boredom, tediousness or danger involved in our duties, we are doing them for an important purpose.  Sometimes we do things we do not enjoy doing to fulfill our dreams, for people we care about, or simply for the faith in which we believe. The housewife sacrifices her bed time for the comfort and joy of her family, the student makes use of his leisure time for a better future, the doctor works for people in need, and the soldier risks his life for the lives of millions.

Many things in this world are not pleasant but necessary.  And others do the same for us.

 

28.  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?  TV, newspapers, magazines and other media pay too much attention to the personal lives of famous people such as public figures and celebrities.

Privacy of all should be respected. 大量的私生活报道影响明星不能集中精力做艺术。

对年轻人的影响不好,因为他们崇拜明星,会模仿明星生活负面的内容。

 

29.  Some people believe that the Earth is being harmed (damaged) by human activity.  Others feel that human activity makes the Earth a better place to live.  What is your opinion?

Damaged: 汽车二氧化碳排放导致全球变暖;海平面升高、威胁海拔低的地区、全球变暖还导致海洋很多生物死亡。树木过度砍伐,沙漠化。工业废水排放,威胁人类饮用水,人类无干净水将无法生存。衍生动物被猎杀,动物濒临灭绝,破坏生态平衡。随地乱扔垃圾,丑化自然。

建议使用清洁能源如电力、风能。限制砍伐森林、多种树。限制废水排放,严格处罚违反者。禁止猎杀珍稀动物。教育人们保护环境,从身边小事做起,减少人类活动对地球的破坏。

 

30.  It has recently been announced that a new high school may be built in your community.  Do you support or oppose this plan?

对于住在本区的学生方便、安全。

学生所需要的商业发展,饭馆、书店、电子产品店等,促进当地就业和经济繁荣。

学校老师和本区的家长联系更紧密,更多配合,使家长更了解孩子在学校的表现。让Community和学校一起监督学生的学习和成长。

 

31.  Some people spend their entire lives in one place.  Others move a number of times throughout their lives, looking for a better job, house, community, or even climate.  Which do you prefer: staying in one place or moving in search of another place?

不同地方:遇见新朋友、更好的工作机会、更好的生活方式或自然环境、更多的经历、老的时候回想起来没有遗憾,经历过后,真正了解自己。

相同地方:熟悉、方便;亲人、朋友的支持和帮助;到别的地方可能不适应、没有亲友帮助、辛苦、孤独感。

 

32.  It is better to enjoy your money when you earn it or is it better to save your money for some time in the future?

存钱:不能预测未来之需;养成计划花钱的好习惯、友好的投资机会时,存足够的钱才能投资。反过来,花钱太多,在未来急需之时就没有了,而且养成没有节制的习惯,instant gratification,对年轻人尤其不好。

 

33.  You have received a gift of money.  The money is enough to buy either a piece of jewelry you like or tickets to a concert you want to attend.  Which would you buy?

听音乐会:自己是音乐爱好者,比起外在的首饰,自己更看重内心情操的陶冶。可以遇见喜欢音乐的朋友;听音乐可以锻炼想象力、引起情感的起伏。听过音乐会之后,还会想去了解作曲家的生平,从而学习到很多音乐之外的知识。

 

34.  Business should hire employees for their entire lives.  Do you agree or disagree?

不同意:less motivated, less efficient, no improvement of skills, no innovative ideas, stops to grow personally. 公司效率下降、则成本上升,则产品销量下降,则利润降低,则员工待遇下降,则导致工作效率更低,形成恶性循环,最终倒闭,失业。

 

35.  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?  Attending a live performance ( for example, a play, a concert, or sporting event) is more enjoyable than watching the same event on TV)

现场:受其他观众的感染、有机会和演员/运动员互动、可照相留念,视野范围不会受到电视摄像范围的限制。音乐厅、歌剧院的专业音响效果在现场远好于电视喇叭的声音。

 

36.  Choose one of the following transportation vehicles and explain why you think it has changed people’s lives.  (automobile, bicycle, airplane)

飞机:远途旅行成为现实、节省时间、费用下降(普通人也能环游世界)、更加舒适。加强了世界各国的商业、文化交流(地球村)。使现代人的生活选择更多(去外国度假)

 

37.  Do you agree or disagree that progress is always good?

总的来说是好的,但不是一定都好.

   : 科学技术的发展为生活提供方便(汽车、飞机、电脑、网络、电灯、电话、医学的发展、现代农业减轻劳动更多食物)。社会和人文科学方面的发展(心理学、考古学)

   不好: 工业的发展导致污染(空气、水);威胁人类身体健康(沉迷网络、缺少运动)、看电视过多(思维懒惰、缺乏想象力)、城市生活便利,但失去了和大自然的接触。

 

38.  Learning about the past has no value for those of us living in the present.  Do you agree or disagree?

历史有价值:教会在类似情况发生时如何应对(二战)、了解事物的发展过程和规律(环境恶化,保护环境)、预测未来(预测地震、火山爆发、避免受灾)、

 

39.  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?  With the help of technology, students nowadays can learn more information and learn it more quickly.

同意:电视(学到学校和家长教不到的知识)、网络(各种信息、而且马上能得到,还可以BBS与别人交流学习)、MP3(随时随地学习英语、听新闻)

 

40.  The expression “Never, never give up” means to keep trying and never stop working for your goals.  Do you agree or disagree with this statement?

永不放弃:战争中,战士不放弃最终取得胜利;发明家多少次失败后才试验成功;学习不懂,但继续学习,最终理解;疾病,不放弃,积极治疗,最终痊愈。追求自己喜欢的人,不能轻易放弃。

 

41.  Some people think about human needs for farmland, housing, and industry are more important than saving land for endangered animals.  Do you agree or disagree with this point of view?

不同意:动物有同样的权利,地球也是它们的家。各种动物都是大自然食物链的一部分,一种灭绝会导致食物链破坏并导致平衡破坏。丰富多彩的动物种类(大熊猫)灭绝,地球变得单调。

 

42.  What is a very important skill a person should learn in order to be successful in the world today?

English language skill:世界性语言、用来与人交流学习、了解不同文化和思维、旅游扩大视野、大量文献书籍为英语、国际大都市中工作,与外国做生意。

Communication skill: 有效表达自己的意思、准确理解别人的意思、避免造成误解和冲突、有效沟通(生意谈判成功、交朋友、和谐家庭、同事关系)、自己遇到困难时能表述清楚,以便得到帮助。

 

43.  Why do you think some people are attracted to dangerous sports or other dangerous activities?

人的天性、刺激、平时生活平淡、新的经验、显示自己的能力、挑战自己、野外探险(看到异常美丽的风光有收获)

 

44.  Some people like to travel with a companion.  Others prefer to travel alone.  Which do you prefer?

与朋友一起旅游:分摊费用省钱、与人分享旅游感受、有紧急危险可以互相帮助、很好的交朋友的方式、学习compromise

 

45.  Some people prefer to get up early in the morning and start the day’s work.  Others prefer to get up later in the day and work until late at night.  Which do you prefer?

早睡早起:自己是Morning person,早晨头脑清醒,做事有效率。早点到办公室,可以提前查邮件,one step ahead of work,不会被别人追着;晚睡觉对皮肤不好,皮肤在夜间休息,对健康不利、自己晚睡影响家人的休息、晚上可以留出更多时间陪家人和朋友。

 

46.  What are the important qualities of a good son or daughter?  Have these qualities changed or remained the same over time in your culture?

孝顺(filial piety)、诚实、emotional support. 诚实和情感支持没有变化。孝顺的内涵有变化,较少的金钱支持、更多的尊重和关心父母。

 

47.  Some people prefer to work for a large company.  Others prefer to work for a small company.  Which do you prefer?

小公司:更多更大的责任、更多实践机会、解除更多的职能领域、和公司一起成长有成就感、和团队中的同事更亲密合作。

大公司:更多的晋升机会、更多的培训机会、解除很多不同背景的同事从他们学习、有更强的proud and sense of belonging.工作更稳定

 

48.  People work because they need money to live. What are some other reasons that people work?  Discuss one or more of these reasons.

成就感、和同事交流、社会贡献、热爱的事业,而不仅仅是赚钱、工作中能找到快乐。

 

49.  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?  Face-to-face communication is better than other types of communication, such as letters, email or phone calls.

面对面:表情和身体语言观察、面对面较难撒谎。相对于信件,面对面交流可以得到对方即时的反馈意见;相对于电话,面对面有助于判断对方的态度或者谎言。

50.  Some people like to do only what they already do well.  Other people prefer to try new things and take risks.  Which do you prefer?

尝试新经历:学习新知识、新发明(飞机)、进步、锻炼勇敢和进取、能力提高、生活更丰富多彩、找到自己最喜欢做的事。(当然,找到以后要尽量做好,不能总是半途而废)。

 

51.  Some believe that success in life comes from taking risks or chances.  Others believe that success results from careful planning.  In your opinion, what does success come from?

冒险和计划都要有,但计划更重要:冒险只是开始,而计划才能够使事情最终完成;计划使人更有掌控事情的发展,从而更容易成功;冒险可以解除新事物、带来新机会。

 

52.  What change would make your hometown more appealing to people your age?

年轻人:更多文化娱乐设施(电影院、球馆、游泳池、公园)、交通堵塞减少(更多时间学习、娱乐、休息)。

53.  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?  The most important aspect of a job is the money a person earns.

不同意:成就感、与同事的交流、从事自己热爱的事业、学习到新的知识和技能、对社会做出贡献。

 

54.  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?  One should never judge a person by external appearances.

同意:长相是父母给的;穿着朴素不代表没钱,富有的人往往节省;穿着朴素,并不代表人的能力、人品和学识。

 

55.  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?  A person should never make an important decision alone.

应该大部分决定自己做,思考,但由于经验和知识的限制,也需要参考别人的意见,但也不盲目地接受。举例:一个团队的领导要听成员的意见、总统要听下级的建议、学生选择专业和大学也可参考前辈的意见。

56.  A company is going to give some money either to support the arts or to protect the environment.  Which do you think the company should choose?

环境:环境的重要性,环境问题更迫在眉睫。

商业给环境造成负担、是公司的责任保护环境。环境问题对社会影响更大。

公司得到更广泛认可的reputation, better image, tax reduction,

 

57.  Some movies are serious, designed to make the audience think.  Other movies are designed primarily to assume and entertain.  Which type of movie do you prefer?

严肃的电影:电影院中的solitude环境有利于严肃思考,而别的很多途径都可以让人放松地笑;严肃的电影对社会的进步更有意思(如表现战争的、环境保护的、家庭伦理的、反映社会问题的),能在人们脑中和心里留下什么,而不是仅仅笑过而已。据一些电影的例子(Scarlet, Cramer Vs. Cramer, Rain Man, Seven Crimes

 

58.  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?  Business should do anything they can to make a profit.

不同意:破坏环境(废水排放、废气排放、砍伐树木、猎杀珍惜动物)、

生产劣质食品(威胁人的健康)、

不给员工上社会保险、

利润要再投资,公司才能壮大,不能仅看近处的利润。

 

59.  Some people are always in a hurry to go places and get thing done. Other people prefer to take their time and live life a slower pace.  Which do you prefer?

快:更多新经历、学习更多知识、做事的成就感、人很有活力、感染周围的人。

慢:少压力、有利于健康、可仔细体会细节、经历的事情印象更深刻

 

60.  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?  Games are as important for adults as they are for children.

不重要:没时间和精力、花更多时间在工作和学习上提高自己、

重要:一种放松的途径、同自己的孩子一起做游戏(和孩子交流、教育孩子的好方法)、和朋友一起玩,培养友谊。

 

61.  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?  Parents or other adult relatives should make important decisions for their older (15-18 year olds) teenage children.

不同意:15-18岁正是学习独立作决定的关键时期,必须实际锻炼以后才能独立,只有从错误中才能真正学习(判断能力、负责任、思考周全);父母的决定不一定对孩子最适合。家长应提供建议给孩子,但不能为孩子做决定。

 

62.  What do you want most in a friend—someone who is intelligent, someone who has a sense of humor, or someone who is reliable? Which one of these characteristics is most important to you?

可靠:托他帮忙放心、诚实、关系会更稳定长久(而幽默、聪明之带来一时的欢乐)

 

63.  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?  Most experiences in our lives that seemed difficult at the time become valuable lessons for the future.

同意:遇到困难不放弃(自己小时候学习英语的经历、练武术)、工作中如何与同事合作沟通、边工作边准备考试很辛苦(但学会了如何安排时间)。

 

64.  Some people prefer to work for themselves or own a business.  Others prefer to for an employer.  Which do you prefer?

老板:好处:时间自由安排、按自己的意愿做事、收入较高

      坏处:压力大、工作和生活不能分开、要考虑的事情多(投资、公司发展、人事安排、解决各种棘手问题)

员工:好处:工作和生活可分开、压力小、只需要完成自己分内的工作即可、

      坏处:工作内容单调、上班时间死板、不能按自己的意愿做事、收入一般

 

65.  Should a city try to preserve its old, historic buildings or destroy them and replace them with modern buildings?

保护古建筑:城市历史文化的象征、一旦毁坏将无法复原、城市缺少特色(unique)、旅游减少、年轻一代及后人无法了解学习历史文化、市民的骄傲。

 

66.  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Classmates are a more important influence than parents on a child’s success in school.

 

同学影响:家长都愿意选择好的学校上学(好老师,好同学),和同学在一起的时间很长、同年龄的人更能互相理解、从而互相模仿、同学好的同学得到表扬和羡慕更能鞭策自己进步。家长往往由于代沟,不能和孩子有效沟通。家长对学校和学习细节不了解。能起到监督作用,但是同学之间形成的好的学习气氛更有效。

 

67.  If you were an employer, which kind of worker would you prefer to hire: an inexperienced worker at a lower salary or an experienced worker at a higher salary?

有经验的员工:有经验,所以办事效率高、不用费时间培训、可以带给公司和同事更多经验和资源、节省老板的时间和精力、为公司创造的价值远远大于公司多付的工资。

没经验的员工:不一定表现得有期待的那么好、而且拒绝学习新东西,跟不上发展。没经验的员工更少挑战公司的道德和行为准则、更珍惜自己的工作、把精力全部投入工作中。易于培养对公司文化的认同和loyalty

 

68.  Many teachers assign homework to students every day.  Do you think that daily homework is necessary for students?

有作业:

好处:便于每天复习、强制学习就不用考试之前Cram,知识记忆也更牢固。学生的作业可以给老师反馈学生理解课程如何。帮学生形成好习惯。

坏处:没时间参加文体活动(对孩子的全面发展很重要)、压力、厌学。

 

69.  If you could study a subject that you have never had the opportunity to study, what would you choose? 

心理学Psychology:帮助自己理解别人的想法和行为、了解自己、帮助身边的人解决心理问题。(学习心理学、社会心理学、家庭心理学)举例

 

70.  Some think that the automobile has improved modern life.  Others think that the automobile has caused serious problems.  What is your opinion?

好处:提高生活工作效率、拓展人类活动范围、提供舒适方便、

坏处:空气污染、交通堵塞、交通事故

两点都要说。解决办法是提倡公交,减少私家车,使用环保清洁能源。

 

71.  Which would you choose: a high-paying job with long hours that would give you little time with family and friends or a lower-paying job with shorter hours that would allow you more time with family and friends?

 

72.  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?  Grades (marks) encourage students to learn.

同意:在中国,分数决定能上什么样的大学、甚至决定以后的工作好坏,所以要努力学习。好的分数能得到老师和家长的表扬与奖励、同学的羡慕,从而促进学生更加努力学习。但是,分数不能被过于强调,学生的注意还是要放在学习知识本身,对于分数不好的学生,要注意鼓励。

 

73.  Some people say that computers have made life easier and more convenient.  Other people say that computers have made life more complex and stressful.  What is your opinion?

教育(远程教育、多媒体)、科学研究(计算功能)、艺术(音乐、graphics)、工作(word, excel, PPT)。也有信息过多、病毒的缺陷。

 

74.  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The best way to travel is in a group led by a tour guide. (这样问法不一定要选择一面,可以两面都说。但Prefer一定要进行选择。)

团队:方便(吃住行都安排好了);相对便宜、有专业的导游带领和讲解、紧急情况有人帮助、有人分享旅游快乐。

个人:自由(住宿、吃饭、游玩的地点和停留时间、购物);但费用相对高、不方便(找车、找酒店)、万一有危险无人帮助

 

75.  Some universities require students to take classes in many subjects.  Other universities require students to specialize in one subject.  Which is better?

低年级要多学科、高年级可以定专业:

多学科可以给学生了解各学科的机会,从而确定自己喜欢的专业;多学科的知识有助于培养人的全面知识和各种思维能力、全面提高素质;以后工作和生活中也都需要多种知识。使自己成为一个有趣的人、而不是狭窄的人。

专业:深入研究、有所突破。人的时间和精力有限,要集中。

 

76.  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Children should begin learning a foreign language as soon as they start school.

Yes: easier and more quickly, remember better, more accurate pronunciation, read English books and gain more knowledge, better prepared to be a global citizen.

 

77.  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?  Boys and girls should separate schools?

不同意:学会异性的交往规则、男女之间由于思维和擅长不同可以互相学习和帮助。

 

78.  Is it more important to be able to work with a group of people on a team or to work independently?

团队:复杂的工作必须由团队来完成、团队更有效、更全面;可向团队成员学习、提高自己。本来自己不能完成的事情,但通过自己所在的团体贡献一部分力量,也很有成就感。个人:个人要独立完成自己负责的那部分。

 

79.  Your city has decided to build a stature or monument to honor a famous person in your country. Who would you choose?

雷锋:乐于助人,现代社会特别缺少。

80.  Describe a custom from our country that you would like people from other countries to adopt. 

81.  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?  Technology has made the world a better place to live.

同意:电话、电灯、汽车、飞机、电脑、网络(当然也有环境污染,要利用科技又尽量降低破坏)

 

82.  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Advertising can tell you a lot about a country.

同意:广告都是投人所好,所以可了解一个国家的人的喜好;广告中涉及的自然风光和风土人情可以了解国家地理和文化;公益广告会了解政府机构的关注点(四川地震、2008奥运会)

 

83.  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Modern technology is creating a single world culture.

基本同意:电视、网络、飞机、贸易使各种文化交流频繁。喝可乐、玩PSP、听流行音乐。但是,各个国家还是保留了自己的特有文化,比如:中国人重视关系、尊敬老人、不直接、迂回;德国人细致、计划性强;美国人开放、平等、冒险精神。这些都不会变化,随着交流吸收少量外界文化影响,但都是表面的,核心不会变。

 

84.  Some people say that the internet provides people with a lot of valuable information.  Others think access to so much information creates problems.  Which do you agree with?

中间太多:确实有很多有价值的信息,但是要学会筛选。造成的问题:年轻人接触不良信息、虚拟空间减少现实交流、无法判断信息的可靠性和来源。

 

85.  A foreign visitor has only one day to spend in your country. (注意:问的是国家-country,而不是城市-city!要看清题目!)
            Where should this visitor go on that day? Why?

Beijing: ancient Chinese culture (great wall, forbidden city), modern metropolis, Chinese cuisine, cultural performances.

 

86.  If you could go back to some time and place in the past, when and where would you go? Why?

小时候的故乡(乡下):slower pace, enjoy life, care-free, friendly people, no pollution of water and air, no traffic jams.

 

87.  What discovery in the last 100 years has been most beneficial for people in your country? (注意:问的不是发明-invention,而是发现-discovery)

 

88.  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Telephone and email have made communication between people less personal.

统一:政府和大公司有可能窃听电话或进入邮件库(调查)。黑客盗取私人信息来卖钱;公司日常邮件都存储在服务器上,不是接受人的话也可以需要时既调看。邮件和电话沟通不能看到对方的表情和身体语言,没有亲切感。

 

89.  If you could travel back in time to meet a famous person from history, what person would you like to meet?

 

90.  If you could meet a famous entertainer or athlete, who would that be, and why?

起点不高、自己努力、追求完美、慈善事业、公益事业

91.  If you could ask a famous person one question, what would you ask? Why?

What made you succeed?  (hard work, passion, love for humanity, perseverance, take risks)

 

92.  Some people prefer to live in places that have the same weather or climate all year long.  Others like to live in areas where the weather changes several times a year.  Which do you prefer?

四季分明:大自然变化之美;不同季节可以玩不同的体育项目;有四季的地方会有多种类的植物和动物。

 

93.  Many students have to live with roommates while going to school or university.  What are some of the important qualities of a good roommate?

Willingness to help; thoughtfulness( 不能影响别人), willingness to share thoughts and feelings.

 

94.  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?  Dancing plays an important role in a culture.

Origin of dancing: derives from human’s daily activities, such as hunting or farming.

Religious rituals: relation to human belief

By enjoying numerous multinational dancing troupes’ performances, you can easily get to know the cultures of many different parts of the world.  For example, when you sit quietly in the theatre and watch the classical ballet “Swan Lake”, you cannot help but be impressed by the gentility and urbanity of the Russians.  On the other hand, if you catch a sight of the passionate samba performances on the streets of Brazil, the joy of life on display will tell you much about Brazilians.  Another kind of culture distinguished by age, young people-hip pop; Middle aged-waltz; elderly, traditional Chinese dances.

 

95.  Some people think governments should spend as much money as possible exploring outer space (for example, traveling to the moon and to other planets).  Other people disagree and think governments should spend this money for our basic needs on Earth.  Which do you agree with?

在地球的人类需求满足以后,再进行太空探索。(satellite-TV signal, communications networks, weather pattern, geological information, other planets that may suit humans

 

96.  People have different ways of escaping the stress and difficulties of modern life.  Some read; some exercise, others work in their gardens.  What do you think are the best ways of reducing stress?

Watch silly TV soap operas, exercise, chat with close friends.

 

97.  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?  Teachers should be paid according to how much their students learn.

不同意:不能准确测量学生学了多少(分数不等于知识);教的学生很多,有好有坏,无从定一个标准;不能只看学习知识的多少,还要看学生的道德品质,而道德品质更无法简单测量出来。

 

98.  If you were asked to send one thing representing your country to an international exhibition, what would you choose?

 

99.  You have been told that dormitory rooms at your university must be shared by two students.  Would you rather have the university assign a student to share a room with you, or would you rather choose your own roommate?

相同的生活习惯(早睡早起)、相近的性格(喜欢交谈)、相似的爱好(音乐、电影)、basically and most importantly, a person with whom you get along well.

 

100.              Some people think that governments should spend as much money as possible on developing or buying computer technology. Others disagree and think that this money should be spent on more basic needs. Which do you agree with?

都重要。

 楼主| 发表于 2009-4-12 12:32:00 | 显示全部楼层

part 2-continue:

 

1.       Some people like doing work by hand.  Others prefer using machines.  Which do you prefer?

机器:人无法到达的环境中操作、不会累、精确、提高效率、节省出时间去作别的事情

 

2.       Schools should ask students to evaluate their teachers.  Do you agree or disagree?

小学生不可以:没有判断力、给糖果诱惑

中学生:部分采纳。反叛年龄、讨厌受管教,即使这种管教对他们是有益的。

大学生:实行评价制。判断力、监督老师重视教学工作。

 

3.       In your opinion, what is the most important characteristic (e.g. honesty, intelligence, a sense of humor) that a person can have to be successful in life?

Confidence

 

4.      It is generally agreed that society benefits from the work of its members.  Compare the contributions of artists to society with the contributions of scientists to society. Which type of contribution do you think is value more by your society?

都重要。艺术家对中国文化的贡献,精神食粮。文化归属感;科学家对现代化的贡献。两个不同的方面而已。

 

5.      Student at universities often have a choice of places to live.  They may choose to live in university dorms, or in apartments in the community. Compare the advantages of living in dorms with living in apartments in the community.  Which would you prefer?

宿舍:方便省时省钱(在校园内离教室、食堂近、不用开车上学省油钱);身边有同学(交朋友方便,可一起学习互相帮助);安全(学校保卫措施、同学互相照应)

 

6.      You need to travel from your home to a place 40 miles away.  Compare the different kinds of transportation you could use.  Tell which method of travel you would choose.

地铁:价格便宜、不太拥挤、没有堵车(公交车太拥挤、堵车;开车太贵、堵车,不环保)

 

7.      Some people believe that a college or university education should be available to all students. Others believe that higher education should be available only to good students.  Discuss these views. Which do you agree with and why?

所有人:无法界定好学生,在高中表现不好,上大学以后可能变好。高中毕业年龄还小,还应该有机会接受根多教育。大学教育和高中教育不同,大学教育更重视按照自己的兴趣学习,在高中学习不好的人可能在大学中发现自己真正喜欢的学科,从而为未来的工作打好基础。

 

8.      Some people believe that the best way of learning about life is by listening to the advice of family and friends. Others believe that the best way of learning about life is through personal experience.  Compare the advantages of these two different ways of learning about life.  Which do you prefer?

 

 

 

138. Do you agree or disagree? It is better to be a member of a group than to be the leader of a group.

Leader: opportunity to polish up your management skills, coordination and strategic decisions, allocation of tasks; vulnerable to bearing the blame for group failure

Member: no big picture view, less responsibility

 

139. What do you consider to be the most important room in a house?  Why is this room more important to you than any other room?

Bedroom: spend most of the time, private, personal, comfortable.

 

140. Some items (such as clothes or furniture) can be made by hand or by machine.  Which do you prefer-items made by hand or by machine?

Feel special, no need to worry wearing the same clothes with others, interesting aspects (a story behind the hand-made item, its maker), can incorporate your own design requirements.

 

141. If you could make one important change in a school that you attended, what would you make?

More sports facility/more labs/more books in the library/more extracurricular activities

 

142. A gift (such as a camera, a soccer ball, or an animal) can contribute to a child’s development.  What gift would you give to help a child develop?

Computer (go online), Discovery Series DVD, English dictionary, a dog (responsibility, care for others, protect animals)

 

143. Some people believe that students should be given one long vacation each year.  Others believe that students should have several short vacations throughout the year.  Which do you agree?

短假更好:长假后期就有些浪费,没有前期那种放松的感觉,反而无聊;长假过后忘记了学习的内容;长假意味着学期延续也长,学生会学习疲惫,不如分段多休息,不易对学习厌烦。一年的不同季节放假可以去不同的地方旅游、不同的户外体育活动。

 

144. Would you prefer to live in a traditional house or in a modern apartment building?

House: 空间更大、有花园(狗和小孩玩耍)、种花草、私密的空间、安静。

 

145. Some people say that advertising encourages us to buy things we really do not need.  Others say that advertisements tell us about new products that may improve our lives.  Which do you agree with?

广告:化妆品(应该健康的生活方式,而不是靠化妆);车的广告(没有必要买车、广告赋予了车主人地位象征);虚假广告

 

146. Some people prefer to spend their free time outdoors.  Others prefer to spend their leisure time indoors.  Which do you prefer?

户外:平时总是呆在室内坐着,到户外活动身体、呼吸新鲜空气、看大自然、参加户外活动交朋友。

 

147.  Your school has received a gift of money.  What do you think is the best way for your school to spend this money?

Build sports facility.

 

148. Do you agree or disagree? Playing games teaches us about life.

YES: cooperation, leadership, communication; play by the rules; patience, sports (perseverance).

 

149. Imagine that you have received some land to use as you wish.  How would you use this land?

Use it to build a school for children of migrant workers; to build a city park; to build a local library for the community, to build an elderly home;

 

150. Do you agree or disagree?  Watching TV is bad for children.

电视节目太多不健康的内容:violence, pornography, commercials that advertise luxury items (偷窃行为,为了买广告中的奢侈品)、不一定是真实的生活,因此小孩子看了会产生误解(love and marriage are all romantic, false);看电视容易思维懒惰(因为面前充满声音影响);看电视时间太长缺少锻炼,影响健康。

 

151. What is the most important animal in your country? Why is the animal important?

Panda (only live in China, national treasure, lovable to children and adults, small number needs protection)

 

152. Many parts of the world are losing important natural resources, such as forests, animals, or clean water.  Choose one that is disappearing and explain why it needs to be saved.

Clean water:

 

153. Do you agree or disagree?  A zoo has no useful purpose.

有用:城市人没机会到到大自然看动物;动物园会有介绍动物的知识介绍;带来快乐(一家人)

 

154. In some countries, people are o longer allowed to smoke in many public places and office buildings.  Do you think this is a good rule or a bad rule?

公共场所吸烟:不吸烟的人健康受损、unpleasant environment (smelly, smoky); 着火的危险;被青少年看到会无意中模范。

 

155. Plants can provide food, shelter, clothing, or medicine.  What is one kind of plant that is important to you or people in your country?

 

156. You have the opportunity to visit a foreign country for two weeks, which country would you like to visit?

USA: natural beauty (yellow stone national parks, great lakes, rocky mountains), culture (Native Indian, American); historical places (Philly, Boston); modernity (NYC, LA, Chicago)

Australia: Great Barrier Reef, Outback, Sydney Opera House

France: Fashion, coffee bars, museum the Louvre (卢浮宫)、滑雪(The Alps), high-speed bullet train

 

157. In the future, students may have the choice of studying at home by using technology such as computers or TV or of studying at traditional schools.   Which would you prefer?

学校:与同学的互动合作交流、有问题马上可以问老师、更容易集中注意力(盯着屏幕很boring)、

远程教育:省时间、时间安排灵活、可以多次收听播放讲课内容、多媒体动画也很生动、

 

158. When famous people such as actors, athletes and rock stars give their opinions, many people listen.  Do you think we should pay attention to these opinions?

应该像听一般人发表意见一样对待明星。当明星说他们自己专业领域内的事时,应该听(运动员谈吐和训练、演员谈对电影的理解,模特谈时尚;或谈他们平时的辛苦和投入,如何从失败达到成功;明星参加公益或慈善活动,谈他们的经历和感受。)

 

159. The 20th century saw great change.  In your opinion, what is one change that should be remembered about it?

Internet (truly global)

 

160. When people need to complain about a product or poor service, some prefer to complain in writing and others prefer to complain in person.  Which do you prefer?

写作:控制情绪、整理思路、节省时间跑过去、

亲自:当邮件没有回复时、或紧急情况则需要。亲自过去会让人更重视、要求见到有权决定的人、使问题得到解决。直接交流,不会有文字上的不清晰和误解。

161. People remember special gifts or presents that they have received. Why?

Gifts remind us of the givers and their love towards us, and the special occasion.

 

162. Some athletes and entertainers earn millions of dollars every year. Do you think these people deserve such high salaries?

YES: special talents, diligence, hard work, perseverance, enrich people’s lives, tremendous pressure, loss of privacy and peaceful life.

 

163. Is the ability to read and write more important today than in the past? Why or why not?

 信息爆炸(阅读的技能要更好)、远程合作的机会增加(写邮件机会很多,因此写得要更好)

 

164. People do many different things to stay healthy?  What do you do for good health?

Gym exercise, hiking, relax, eat a balanced diet, regular life, plenty of sleep; mental health (communicate with friends and family, do not put too much pressure on myself, plan).

 

165. You have decided to give several hours of your time each month to improve the community where you live. What is one thing you will do to improve your community?

帮残疾人做事(陪他们出门买东西、洗衣服、打扫房间、陪他们出门活动散心、读书给盲人)、帮老人做事;社区的小学教英语

 

166. People recognize a difference between children and adults. What events (experiences or ceremonies) make a person an adult?

Independent decision making, live away from home, start work, take part in social activities, marriage and family (responsibility and care for others)

 

167. Your school has enough money to purchase either, computers for students or books for the library.  Which should your school choose?

电脑:电脑技能以后工作必不可少;电脑上网可以得到更多知识、电脑做事有效率、电脑中多媒体可辅助课堂学习、

 

168. Many students choose to attend schools or universities outside their home countries. Why do they study abroad?

留学他国:体验不同文化、交到由区的朋友、不同的思考方式启发,锻炼独立生活的能力、掌握另外一种语言、全球化进程、回国以后更多的涉及国际的工作机会;国外有更先进的研究设备和资源(某些专业领域的权威的指导下学习的机会)

 

169. People listen to music for different reasons and at different times.  Why is music important to many people?

Express our emotions or understand other people’s feelings, reduce pressure, stimulator for party spirits; music can accompany dance and singing

 

170. Groups or organizations are an important part of some people’s lives.  Why are they important to people?

 人是social beings,群体的帮助和支持、情感和经验交流、合作才能完成很多事情, sense of belonging and being loved。例如:志愿者组织、环保组织、慈善组织、教会组织、

 

171. Imagine that you are preparing for a trip.  You plan to be away from your home for a year.  In addition to clothing and personal care items, you can take one additional thing.  What would you take and why?

Computer, guitar, camera (record the trip)

 

172. When students move to a new school, they sometimes face problems.  How can schools help these students with their problem?

Different teaching style, new classmates, (老师更多的关注、鼓励参加集体活动、同学帮助)

173. It is sometimes said that borrowing money from a friend can harm or damage the friendship.  Do you agree? Why or why not?

同意:会不会损坏友谊不在借钱本身,而在于要按时还钱。急需时借钱,解决问题后,并按时换钱,则友谊会加深。

 

174. Every generation of people is different in important ways. How is your generation different from your parents’ generation?

More open to new ideas, more adaptable to changes, much more international exposure and influence, more opportunities to study, more choices of food and clothes, more entertainment;  坏处是:独生子女self-centered,  no sharing, less independent,

175. Some students like classes where teachers lecture (do all of the talking) in class.  Other students prefer classes where the students do some of the talking.  Which do you prefer?

学生说话:有问题可以马上问老师、也给老师反馈,调整讲课的内容和速度;学生参与会使其更感兴趣,更易集中精力不走神;学生小组讨论有助于锻炼沟通;课堂上说话,锻炼公众表达能力,克服畏惧。

 

176. Holidays honor people or events.  If you could create a new holiday, what person or event would it honor and how would you want people to celebrate it?

Internet Day; Olympic Day (2008 Beijing Olympics)-try a new sport, persuade another person in your life to exercise more,

 

177. A friend of yours has received some money and plans to use all of it either to go on vacation or to buy a car.  Your friend has asked you for advice.  Compare your friend’s two choices and explain which one you think your friend should choose.

Vacation: new experiences, precious memory, share joy and excitement with family and friends, meet new people and make friends, learn a new culture, relieve stress, refreshed and ready to start work again.

Car: 不环保、parking fees, repair fees, not really necessary (workplace not far from home, only yourself use it, convenient public transportation-subway, traffic jams)

 

178. The 21st century has begun.  What changes do you think this new century will bring?

Send people to outer space for travel; cure of lethal disease, better protection of the environment, more cooperation among different countries and cultures.

 

179. What are some of the qualities of a good parent?

Care for the child, give good advice, but not dominate or control, discipline the child not spoil, provide opportunities to child to learn various things (music, drawing, dancing, sports), encouragement and praise, be a role model for their child (no drinking, drugs, smoking, violence; diligent, honest, responsible), be a friend to your child and share his thoughts and feelings.

 

180. Movies are popular all over the world.  Explain why movies are so popular.

Funny and entertaining, meaningful and touching stories, a quiet and private space-deep thinking; easy access and cheap, good topics for conversations with friends, ease stress, escape daily chores and headaches.

 

181. In your country, is there more need for land to be left in its natural condition or is there more need for land to be developed for housing and industry?

可以开发地皮,但是要有效利用、不造成浪费、碰到对自然环境保护有关键意义的地方,要保护,不能开发。

 

182. Many people have a close relationship with their pets.  These people treat their pets like members of their family.  Do you think such relationships are good?

YES: 派遣孤独感、带来欢乐、学会负责任。

 

183. Films can tell us a lot about a country where they are made. What have you learned about a country from watching its movies?

Natural scenery, people’s daily lives, values, likes and dislikes, special customs, its history, possible future development direction

 

184. Some prefer to study alone.  Others prefer to study with a group of students.  Which do you prefer?

单独学习:安静、没有打扰、独立思考

共同学习:互相帮助、累了可以一起放松、有监督的气氛、不会偷懒

 

185. You have enough money to purchase either a house or a business.  Which would you choose to buy?

买房子:安定的生活、给家人提供舒适的环境、能安心工作、不用烦恼租房

买公司:有成长的潜力、利润更多、锻炼自己的管理能力、有多余的钱能做更多的事情(包括买房子)

 楼主| 发表于 2009-4-12 12:34:00 | 显示全部楼层

希望对大家有用。。

Part 3

Campus Vocabulary:

1.       ace: 得到优等成绩

I aced that exam.

Find someone who aced the course to help you.

If I don’t ace the final, I’ll get a B in that course.

 

2.       All-nighter: 通宵学习

We had to pull an all-nighter to get ready for the final.

 

3.       Assistantship: 助教奖学金

Terry got an assitantship from the university.

If I were you, I’d apply for an aassistantship.

The assistantship does not pay as much as I thought.

 

4.       Audit: 旁听(to attend a course without credit)

It usually costs as much to audit a course as to take it for credit.

 

5.       Bear: 难对付的课程(a difficult class)

The computer science course was a bear.

I hear Dr. Young’s class is a real bear.

 

6.       Carrel: 图书馆里的个人阅读座位(a private study space in the stacks of the library)

There aren’t enough carrels in the library.

 

7.       Check out: 借书

You must have a library card to check out books.

 

8.       Closed out: 未能注册上可能(名额已满)

Register early so that you won’t be closed out of the classes you want.

I was closed out of the English class I needed.

 

9.       Coed:  男女同校

Most of the schools in the US are coed.

I want to live in a coed dorm.

 

10.   Commencement: 毕业典礼

I don’t have a cap and gown for commencement.

 

11.   Committee: 学术委员会

Bill’s committee signed his dissertation.

 

12.   Counselor: 顾问

See your advisor for academic advice and a counselor for personal advice.

 

13.   Course request (form): 课程申请表

You should pick up a course request form from the registrar’s office today.

 

14.   Cram: 填鸭复习

You mean you crammed for the biology final?

Why don’t you study each night instead of cramming the night before the test?

 

15.   Curve: 基于分布曲线的评分体系。(a grading system that relies o the normal curve of distribution, resulting in a few As, the majority Cs, ad a few failing grades)

Grading on the curve encourages competition.

Since the exam were graded on the curve, a 95 is a B.

 

16.    Cut class: 逃课

You cut class to sleep in?

I can’t cut class because I have too many absences already.

17.   Dean’s list: 优等生名单

You’d better improve your grades if you want to make the dean’s list.

 

18.   Declare: 选择专业

Most students declare their major in the third year at the university.

 

19.   Excused absence: 被允许的请假

Dr. Mitchell allows every student one excused absence each semester.

 

20.   Fraternity: 男同学兄弟会

Join a fraternity

 

21.   Fraternity row: 兄弟会街道(a street where many fraternity houses are located)

I live on fifth street, near the fraternity row.

 

22.   Get caught up: 不上落下的功课

Sue got caught up over vacation. Sue在假期中学习来的。)

I need to get caught up before final exams.

 

23.   Grant: 研究基金

 

24.   Hand back: 老师将作业还给学生

Dr. Green always hands back our assignments.

You’d better be there when Dr. Smith hands back your exam.

 

25.   Handout: 讲义

Dr. Stephens’s handouts are always helpful.

 

26.   Head resident: 宿舍顾问

The head resident can help you solve your problems with your roommate.

 

27.   Hit the books: 努力学习

 

28.   Honors: 优等

Jane is an honors student.

So you did enroll I the honors program?

 

29.   Incomplete: 某门课允许学生下学期再完成也可以

I asked Dr. Young for an incomplete in his class.

 

30.   Interlibrary loan: 馆际互借

It takes at least a week to receive a book by interlibrary loan.

You should see if the book is available through interlibrary loan.

 

31.   Lower division (course): 基础课

 

32.   Makeup test: 补考

 

33.   On probation: 查看期(experiencing a trial period to improve grades before disciplinary action)

I can’t let my parents know that I’m on probation.

 

34.   On reserve: 图书馆的保留书籍(不允许外借,只能在图书馆看)

I have to find out which books are on reserve.

 

35.   Override: 允许不符合要求的学生进入课堂

You should talk to the professor about getting an override for that class.

Dr. Stephens will give you an override you need the class.

 

36.   Placement office: 就业办公室

 

37.   Plagiarize: 剽窃

To avoid plagiarizing, always cite the source.

 

38.   Pop quiz: 突击考试

 

39.   Quarter: 学期

This quarter has gone by quickly.

 

40.   Room and board: 食宿费

Room and board goes up every year.

 

41.   Section: 同一门课中的不同选择(one of several options for the same course)

Everyone wants to take the section Professor A teaches.

You mean there are no sections open in the morning?

 

42.   Shuttle: 校车

 

43.   Sorority: 女生联谊会

 

44.   Stacks: 图书馆的阅览区

I need to find a carrel in the stacks.

The librarian let you go up to the stacks to look for books?

 

45.   Study date: 学习伙伴

I have to meet Jack at the library for our study date.

You can arrange a study date with Jack.

 

46.   Tenure: 终身成就

 

47.   Transcript: 成绩单

 

48.   Transfer: 转学/

 

49.   Tuition hike: 学费增长

I can’t afford another tuition hike.

 

50.   Upper division course: 专业课(三、四年级)

 

51.   Work- study:  勤工俭学(工作中有空闲时间的时候,可以用来学习,而不扣工资)

There are several work-study positions open.

You mean Vicki’s library job is a work-study position?

 

 

Slang:

Hot air!   胡说

No bull?  没吹牛吧?

Suit yourself.   随便你。

You loud mouth!  你这个大嘴巴!(不该说的说出去了)

All thumbs.  一窍不通

I’m pooped out.  累死了。

That’s your story.  编造

Zip your fly!   拉上拉链。

Boys will be boys.  本性难移。

Get off my back.   别笑我。

I cross my heart!   我发誓。

I’ve got the blues.  郁闷。

It is her field.   是她的本行。

It kills my eyes!  太好看了。

It’s Greek to me.  不懂。

You’re pulling my leg.   你在开我玩笑吧。

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