ChaseDream
搜索
查看: 3894|回复: 9

[AWA模板] awa七宗罪中英文模板

[精华] [复制链接]
发表于 2019-9-8 00:24:41 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
下午要考试了,发出来积攒一下人品

因为自己之前看别的七宗罪都感觉很迷不知道在讲什么,所以就整理了一下,用中文写了一下自己的模板(结合了别的),然后再自己翻译成了英文,这样我就能快速记住了。

我尽量用了不同的词汇,大家也可从背背代替词汇替换上去

开头
在这篇文章(argument/proposal)中,作者提出了一个…的观点(make a conclusion/make a suggestion/concludes/reveals/claims),为了证明/支持(justify/support/demonstrate)这个观点,作者引用(cite/points out)了理由一……,作者还引用了理由二……。这个观点看起来似乎很可靠/令人信服/很有力度(plausible/convincing/compelling/reliable),但是经过仔细的调查(closely examining/investigating)后,我发现这个观点是逻辑错误的(logically flawed),导致这个观点并不像作者所说的那样令人信服(which renders it unconvincing as it stands)


结尾
总的来说(all in all/in conclusion/in sum),尽管这个观点看起来很正确/合理/可靠/没有问题(appealing/reliable/compelling/convincing),但他的确存在一些逻辑错误(logical flaw)。为了支持(bolster/enhance/strengthen/support)他的观点,作者还需要提供与什么相关的更多的信息/提供更多的信息去解释/证明……。为了更好的评价(evaluate/examine)这个观点,我还需要知道……信息/内容


调查问题(样本不足-数量太少)
1.首先作者引用了数据去证明这个他的观点,但是这个数据是不可靠的
first of all, the argument cites a survey to bolster the conclusion, however, the statistics of the survey is fairlyreliable.
(样本不足)因为调查的人数的规模太小了,不具有代表性。比如在所有的人数有12000人,那么1200只占了12000人中的一小部分,这么小规模的人并不能说明所有人都有这样的想法。如果能调查更多的人,这个结论就会更具有说服力。
because the size of the people studied istoo small, so that the sample cannot represent all individuals. For example, if there are 12000 people in the city, 75 percent of the 1200 people cannot show the … To support the conclusion, the survey need to give the population of the group and investigate more than half of them.


因果关系错误-先后发生错等于有因果联系,忽略了别的因素
作者把ab的因果关系简单化了。作者认为因为a在b之前发生,所以a导致b(或者a和b同时发生,所以a是b发生的因素)但实际上文章并没有给相关的证据证明a是怎么影响b的。并且作者还忽视了别的可能会影响b的因素,比如。为了让这个推理更具有说服力,作者需要排除其他因素,给出相关证据告诉读者a是怎么影响b的。
the argument simplifies the clausal link between a and b. The author incorrectly think that a happen/occur before b, sob is result from a. However the proposal fail to give evidence to demonstrate how a lead to/influent/effect b. What’s more author also ignore other factors of b, such as… to enhance the relationship, author need to run out other factors and give more evidence.


证据不足-作者给出了结论但是没有给证据去证明
作者给出了一个观点,但是并没有给相关的证据或者例子去证明这个观点,让这个观点变得很不可靠。事实上并不是和作者所说的一样,是a影响b,而是b影响a,或者别的影响b,比如……
the proposal indicates that , however, the author fails to provide evidence or examples to support the conclusion,rendering it doubtful. Infact, this is not the case. For example, it’s more like that b is determided by c, but not by a. Therefor the conclusion is questionable because the author ignores other factors.


错误类比-a可以用这个观点,就认为b也可以,忽视了他们之间的不同点很多
文章错误的认为a可以做某事,因为b能做相同的事情。但是这个观点是错误的,因为作者忽视了ab之间的不同,比如。这个观点并不能直接用在a身上,因为他们之间的不同可能会给a带来不同的结果。
the claims believes that a can do something, because b can do the same thing. However, the conclusion cannot hold the water, because the author ignore the different between a and b such as. As a result, author cannot apply the idea to a, because the different may make the outcome different.



时间地点全等-忽略了时间变化导致的条件环境变化,忽略地点变化导致环境条件变化
作者错误地提出这个观点是因为认为十年前会怎样,所以现在也会怎样。作者并没有考虑到这十年之间的变化,比如。。。,导致现在的环境和十年前的环境有所不同。为了支持这个观点,作者需要排除时间变化导致的环境变化这个因素。
the proposal unfairly make a conclusion that today a will do something because a did the same thing ten years ago.However, the author fail to consider the change during the ten years. For example, during the ten years tech costpolicy change, rendering the situation change a lot too. To enhance the conclusion, author should run out the difference between the environment in1980s and in 1990s.


二者择一-作者认为只有A或者B二选一。
文章认为a重要,而b不重要,所以应该做a而不做b。这个推理是错误的。作者错误地认为a和b不能同时存在,必须从里面选择一个。这是either or not错误。但实际上这两个都同等重要,可以同时存在。如果他们同时存在,事情会变得更好。
The argument indicates that a is important,but b is not important, so we need to do a instead of b. However, the reasoning is groundless. The author unfairly reveals that a and b cannot stay together, and we need to choose one of them. This is either-or choice. In fact they are both vital, and if they exist together, things will be better.


发表于 2019-9-8 01:07:43 | 显示全部楼层
感谢分享!               
发表于 2019-9-9 19:29:12 | 显示全部楼层
好棒
发表于 2019-9-17 07:48:15 | 显示全部楼层
谢楼主!祝考试顺利!!
发表于 2019-9-18 09:12:06 | 显示全部楼层
感谢分享!
发表于 2019-9-20 13:55:00 | 显示全部楼层
感谢分享!               
发表于 2019-9-22 16:25:16 | 显示全部楼层
感谢楼主!!!
发表于 2019-9-22 17:22:22 | 显示全部楼层
看一下!               
发表于 2019-9-23 20:42:25 | 显示全部楼层
顶楼主!               
发表于 2019-10-2 11:00:30 | 显示全部楼层
感谢分享!               
您需要登录后才可以回帖 登录 | 立即注册

Mark一下! 看一下! 顶楼主! 感谢分享! 快速回复:

手机版|Archiver|ChaseDream ( 京ICP证101109号 )

GMT+8, 2019-11-18 14:54 , Processed in 0.144480 second(s), 7 queries , Memcache On.

ChaseDream 论坛

© 2003-2019 ChaseDream.com. All Rights Reserved.

返回顶部