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[备考心经] <汪三岁老师阅读干货福利>120句长难句解析第一期(每周两期,每期4个句子)

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发表于 2019-1-10 18:13:03 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式





长难句,简直就是很多同学们的噩梦。

所以,三岁老师准备把之前上课中(阅读)的长难句拿出来,给大家分析分析!

就让我们来看看,这些句子,到底有多难!

不过大家每周都要乖乖的,耐心等待呀!!实在不行,可以关注一下老师的课程

开玩笑啦~~上不上课没关系,只要学到知识,总归是好的!



小本本拿出来,开始开始~~~~~!!!



1. The sculptural legacy that the new United States inherited from its colonial predecessors was far from a rich one,and in fact,in 1776 sculpture as an art form was still in the hands of artisans and craftspeople.

新生的美国从其殖民地时期的先辈那里继承的雕塑遗产远远谈不上丰富,而且,实际上在1776 年雕塑作为—种艺术形式仍然掌握在手艺人和工匠的手里。

分句 1:The sculptural legacy (...) was far from a rich one
分句 2:that the new United States inherited from its colonial predecessors
分句 3:and in fact,in 1776 sculpture as an art form was still in the hands of artisans and craftspeople

分句 1 和分句 3 是整个长句子的主句
分句 2 是分句 1 中(...)的定语从句
分句 3 是 1 的并列句

1和2嵌套
1和3并列

2. Add to this the timidity with which unschooled artisans—originally trained as stonemasons, carpenters,or cabinetmakers--attacked the medium from which they were to make their images, and one understands more fully the development of sculpture made in the United States in the late eighteenth century.
(特殊用法:add to this the timidity…=add the timidity…to this 为祈使句,相当于一个条件句:if one adds to this the timidity…)
这个再加上没有受过学校教育的艺人——他们最初是被训练为石匠、木匠或家具木工的——对待他们要制作成雕像的媒介物的胆怯,使人更充分地了解 18 世纪晚期美国雕刻艺术的发展。

分句 1:Add to this the timidity
分句 2:with which unschooled artisans—originally trained as stonemasons,carpenters,or cabinetmakers--attacked the medium
分句 3:from which they were to make their images
分句 4:and one understands more fully the development of sculpture made in the United States in the late eighteenth century.


分句 4 是整个长句子的主句
分句 1、2、3 是分句 4 的条件从句,证据意为:“把这些结合起来,你就会明白……”
分句 2 修饰 timidity,虽然这句的长度最大,信息最多,但仍然只是整句话最终结论的一个支撑。
分句 3 是修饰 medium 的定语从句

1 和 2 嵌套
2 和 3 嵌套
123  和 4 嵌套

3. The different uses to which societies put these materials are of interest to anthropologists who may ask,for example,why a people chooses to use clay and not copper when both items are available.
(The different uses…are of interest to anthropologists…为句子主干)
各个社会对这些材料的不同用途是人类学家所感兴趣的,例如这些人类学家或许会问,当两种东西都能够得到时,为什么一个民族会选择使用粘土而不是铜。

分句 1:The different uses are of interest to anthropologists
分句 2:to which societies put these materials
分句 3:who may ask, for example, why a people chooses to use clay and not copper when both items are available.

1 和 2 嵌套,2 中的介词 to 应在 put 之后,2 修饰 1 中的 uses
3 和 1 嵌套,3 中的 who 引导的定语修饰 1 中的 anthropologists

4.If it were not for this faculty,they would devour all the food available in short time and would probably starve themselves out of existence.
(虚拟语气)
如果不是具有这种能力,它们就会在短时间内吞掉所有能得到的食物,而且很可能会因饿死而灭绝。

分句 1.  If it were not for this faculty
分句 2.  they would devour all the food available in short time
分句 3.  and would probably starve themselves out of existence

分句 1 是虚拟句的条件从句
分句 2、3 是并列主句

第一期结束,哇咔咔,我知道有很多小盆友很喜欢这个~~上课的时候很多同学就表明特别喜欢这样的分析,因为对于一些基础同学来说,这种分析就更容易找到句子的核心,不至于因为长难句而感到头大!
如果这样都会觉得困难,那应该好好思考一下自己的语法是不是太太太基础了呀!!
好啦,第一期结束~~~
下一期什么时候呢,什么时候好呢?
有同学给点建议不??(坏笑中....)

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