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[阅读小分队] 【Native Speaker每日训练计划—89系列】【89-11】经管

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发表于 2017-6-12 18:01:58 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
内容:cherish huang 编辑:Gavin huang   
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Part I: Speaker

My son was a Columbine shooter. This is my story
Sue Klebold is the mother of Dylan Klebold, one of the two shooters who committed the Columbine High School massacre, murdering 12 students and a teacher. She's spent years excavating every detail of her family life, trying to understand what she could have done to prevent her son's violence. In this difficult, jarring talk, Klebold explores the intersection between mental health and violence, advocating for parents and professionals to continue to examine the link between suicidal and homicidal thinking.

Source: TED
https://www.ted.com/talks/sue_klebold_my_son_was_a_columbine_shooter_this_is_my_story

[Rephrase 1  |  15:18]



Part II: Speed



6 Life Hacks Learned in Prison That Will Maximize Your Productivity
By Andrew Medal   |   26  June  2015

[Time 2]
A life hack is defined as a strategy or technique to more efficiently manage one's time and daily activities.

After I quickly shook off the shock of being sentenced to two to five years in prison for a bar fight that took place seven years prior, I proactively made the decision to make my time behind bars the most productive time of my life. Have I mentioned prison has parallels to startups? Yes, I have (How My Life As An Entrepreneur Shaped My Time In Prison and 3 Entrepreneurial Skills Inmates Perfect).

Tim Ferriss thinks his life is an experiment, but give a natural born entrepreneur two years in prison and you'll see real life experiments.

As you can imagine, there’s little to do in a 6-foot-by-8-inch gray cell. Just like any Chuck Norris movie, I had to take a quick inventory check of my resources to figure out how to maximize my time.

Inventory check:

Endless supply of notepad paper (purchase on commissary)
Trusty number-two golf pencil
No Internet or computers
Typewriter in law library
16 magazine subscriptions
Blog articles printed and sent via USPS
Continued flow of books
Abundance of time
Few distractions

As you can see from the above list, prison has somewhat limited resources, and you’re forced to become a MacGyver entrepreneur if you want to be productive. Here’s a list of strategies I adopted to be more productive with my time in prison that I still use today. I recommend these strategies for all entrepreneurs:

1. Be an early riser.
Chow comes between 4:45 to 5 a.m. every morning. If you miss that meal you don’t eat again until noon. Needless to say, I missed that meal one time, and never again. I quickly adopted the early morning routine, and rather than go back to bed like all my fellow inmates, I stayed up and used the quiet time for my daily reading and writing regimens.

I still use this technique today (although my start time is not quite so early). My tip is to commit to something very important early in the morning. For example, client calls, user demos, investor calls, breakfast with mom, run with cofounder, etc.

If it’s important enough, you’ll get up and be able to create a habit. (Research shows it takes 21 days to create a habit).
[400 words]

[Time 3]
2. Write every day.
Where I was an prisoner, there are four phones for every wing, and roughly 80 dudes. I never enjoyed writing as much as I do now until I went to prison. The thing is, if you want to be heard on the outside, you have to write because your voice is heard through your written word.

I wrote every day for two years straight. I hand wrote articles to Entrepreneur. I wrote my first book. I wrote letters to friends. I wrote ideas in my journal. I wrote, wrote and wrote.

You should commit to a daily time to write (for me it was 5:30 to 8 a.m.) For starters, read and summarize what you read, or write down how you feel that day.

Write an outline on paper to organize your thoughts. Write your notes by hand on paper to get them out of your head. Just write.

3. Write to communicate effectively.
The most advanced piece of technology that prison inmates have access to is the coveted number-two golf pencil (besides the typewriter that typically resides in the law library, which actually comes in handy when writing a book). Writing out my thoughts during my time in prison has allowed me to be a better communicator.

I’ve learned to think diligently about my thoughts, and use them to communicate more effectively. Writing can help you organize your thoughts better and actually helps you to be a better verbal communicator.

Start with communicating to your team via email, send emails to partners about discussions and/or send emails to your spouse when working through tough decisions.

4. Read every day.
I read 197 books in two years. As you can imagine, there's ample time to read while in prison. However, it is still a decision that has to be made. There are plenty of other ways to distract your mind vs. feeding it knowledge.

Reading is vital to building successful startups. We can gain new knowledge, new perspective and learn from others.

To adopt this habit, commit to a regular schedule. Highlight important points of the book, then upon finishing it, go back through and write notes from the highlighted sections. Finally, keep a running log of all of the books you’ve read.
[381 words]

[Time 4]
5. Bootstrapping like an inmate.
Prison is expensive. State food rations will leave you starving, and commissary can cost you a small fortune every week. Your outside savings won’t last long, and you have no way to make money in the real world to support your prison lifestyle. Yikes.

Fortunately for me, I had been bootstrapping startups since high school. Even more so in prison, I learned how to maximize every dollar. I used to buy coffee for cheap on commissary because it sold out quickly and I would sell it to people looking for it once it was gone. I sold my meals and traded them for books.

I build businesses by leveraging my resources, being scrappy with my time (working all hours of the day) and working with people as partners rather than outsourcing the projects.

You can do this by first figuring out how to decrease your large expenses by scrutinizing every dollar spent. Look for discount codes when applicable. And be sure to test everything.

6. Beating the system in the system.  
As entrepreneurs, we see the world differently, and successful entrepreneurs bend the world to make it more like the way they envision it.

I figured out how to bend the rules in prison. I found out that if you claim adrenal issues you get better food. I got a doctor's note that said I couldn't work, which allowed me to read and write all day. I found out that working in the kitchen allowed me to eat better, and visiting the law library allowed me to use the typewriter to type up my notes rather than write them by hand.

As entrepreneurs, we need to release the bondage society puts on us. If we're trying to change the world, we need to be comfortable with living the lives we all envision without the guilty feeling of not working nine to five.

So bend the rules, learn from others who have the success you envision, design your own life and go against the norm as often as possible. (I go to the movies during the day to get rid of the feeling of needing to be at work from nine to five.)

Just for the record, Tim, there's no "4-Hour Prison Term." I’ve learned that when life hands you lemons, you figure out how to hack those dang lemons and be hyper productive, even in the face of a prison riot.

On another note, today, June 26, is my birthday. I welcome all gifts, tweets and Facebook cards.
[427 words]

Source: Entrepreneur

https://www.entrepreneur.com/article/247779



Make Someone Else's Day, and 3 Other Ways to De-Stress

By  Travis Bradberry    |  09  june  2017
Remember the famous Clint Eastwood line? Why not turn it around?

[Time 5]

A survey from the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health found that close to half of all working adults say that their job negatively affects their life. And that certainly resonates: It's easier now more than ever to get stressed out and adopt unhealthy habits into our everyday lives.

What's more, the biggest problem about this epidemic is not the actual stress in itself, but our inability to do anything about it. Instead of thriving on all cylinders and being a top producer in our chosen lines of work, most of us settle for a state of survival.

Of course it's important to work extremely hard, put in the long hours and do everything in your power to make sure you are living up to your full potential each and every day. However, that doesn't mean you neglect your emotional, mental and physical health in the process.

Here are four things that will help you eliminate stress and reclaim your happiness.

1. Make someone else's day.
Remember the famous Clint Eastwood line from Dirty Harry? Why not turn it around? Because one of the easiest ways to eliminate stress and put a smile on your face is to find a way to make someone else's day. When stress beats us down, it's usually because we put too much focus on ourselves.

We may be way too hard on ourselves, setting unrealistic expectations at work, and feeling consumed only with what we currently have going on in our lives. But when we make it a priority to be of service to someone and "make someone else's day," we just might learn one of the most fulfilling ways for minimizing stress and reclaiming our happiness.

2. Go on a digital detox.
One of the best decisions that I ever made was to go on a digital detox for one full week. I stayed off social media, never once opened my email and even made sure that my phone was in a completely different room locked away for the whole week.

This was a very powerful action that provided me with just the right amount of solitude and soul searching required to get back on track and come back even stronger. In the technology-driven world that we currently live in, it's incredibly easy to fall into the trap of comparing our success (or lack thereof) to someone else's achievements. It's easy to let social media run run our lives. It's easy to forget about what matters most in life.

I am not suggesting that anyone go on a technology detox for a full week like I did. But I am encouraging that people at least try it out for maybe a weekend or just one day. I am positive that you will enjoy the sense of relief and calmness that will result.
[470 words]

[Time 6]
3. Let gratitude be the driving force in your life.
Every single time that I have been stressed out and on the verge of burnout, my absence of gratitude has always been the main reason why. It's virtually impossible to be stressed out and feel terrible about yourself when you are in a constant state of gratitude.

And in case you're wondering what that means, there are plenty of ways to incorporate gratitude into your daily life. I write in a "gratitude journal" each and every morning. The first thing I do when I wake up is write down three to five things that I am grateful for that day. Instead of worrying about what I have to do over the day ahead or taking a look at the hectic calendar waiting for me, I turn to gratitude first.

Another way that I bring gratitude into my life is by going on a daily gratitude walk. I learned this daily practice from my friend and bestselling author Jon Gordon. Before I listen to music or a podcast, I'll go on a scenic walk early in the morning and say out loud everything that I am grateful for. This energizes me and is a profound way to start the day. Stress has no chance of surviving when you are in a constant state of gratitude. Don't believe me? Check out this Newsweek article which reports on five scientifically proven benefits of gratitude.

4. Get lost in a great book.
One of my favorite things in the world is to read and get lost in a great book. There is something magical about picking up a great book and not letting your worries, fears and stresses win the battle of your mind. Great books have the potential to change lives.

Even though I read a new book every week, I have a stack of ten or so more familiar books that I always turn to when the going gets tough and I feel the hustle and bustle of life starting to really get to me. All it takes is for me to pick up one of these great books and start re-reading it for 15 minutes.

Reading a great book helps me to see the world in a different light and forget about all of the problems going on in the world. I might do the same for you: Getting lost in great books has totally changed my life; and I know it can do the same for you as well.

Stress doesn't have to get the best of you and steal your happiness. I hope these four ideas help you just as much as they have benefited my life over the years.
[451 words]

Source: Entrepreneur
https://www.entrepreneur.com/article/295556


Part III: Obstacle



Are the Super-Rich Really Ruining the World’s Great Cities?

By Richard Florida   |   08  June  2017

[Paraphrase 7]

Every time I have visited London over the past several years, I invariably hear the same story from my taxi driver. As we drive past Hyde Park on the way to or from the airport, he will say, “You see that building?” nodding towards a modern glass tower next to the Mandarin Oriental hotel. “Some of the apartments cost £50 million or more. And no one lives there—it’s always dark.”

London, New York, and Paris are being overtaken over by an invasion of the global super-rich, which one writer described as a shift from mere gentrification to full-on “plutocratization.” According to some, this influx is driving artists from cities, turning them into what musician David Byrne called “pleasure domes for the rich.” For a growing number of musicians and artists, the transformation of our cities is personal and palpable. Yes, there’s a certain irony in the spectacle of highly successful rock stars pining after the good old days of cheap rent, cheap drinks, and creative nirvana, even if we can empathize with their frustration at CBGB’s being turned into an upscale clothing store. But artists’ complaints reflect the increasingly intense competition for urban space. Artists, musicians, and other creatives who helped transform old, neglected urban spaces into studios and workspaces in the 1970s and 1980s are being elbowed out of those same places by investment bankers, business professionals, techies, and even the global super-rich.

There’s little doubt that creative urban ecosystems exist in a precarious balance.  Take away the ferment that comes from urban mixing, and the result is a sterile sameness. In SoHo today, luxury shops seem to outnumber performance spaces and studios. But even if rising housing prices are making it harder for a new generation of artists and creatives to get a toehold in SoHo and neighborhoods like it, that doesn’t mean that entire cities have become creative dead zones.

So does this change really threaten the creativity of our most vibrant cities? Despite the influx of wealthy people into the urban core and the transformation of some leading creative neighborhoods, there is little evidence of any substantial diminution of these cities’ overall creative capacities. Cities are big places, after all; creativity can and does move from neighborhood to neighborhood. In time, the ongoing transformation of these cities may truly jeopardize their creative impetus, but that hasn’t happened yet.

Creativity vs. the super-rich
The global super-rich who are snapping up real estate in superstar cities aren’t really buying “homes,” in the conventional sense of that term, to live in and use. They aren’t looking for places to raise their families or to do productive work. Instead, they’re looking for safe places to park their money. If luxury real estate was once the most obvious way to measure and display wealth as “conspicuous consumption,” it has become something more mundane today — a new class of economic asset used to store and grow wealth.

New York and London do in fact have considerable shares of the world’s wealthiest people. New York tops the list with more than 100 billionaires and London is sixth with 50. London leads in “ultra-high net worth” individuals with $30 million or more in assets, with New York in fourth place.

But, do the super-rich really damage great cities? While rarely occupied trophy apartments and lights-out buildings certainly make neighborhoods less vibrant, there are simply not enough super-rich people to deaden an entire city or even significant parts of it. New York City, after all, has more than eight million inhabitants and some three million housing units; its 100-plus billionaires and 3,000 or so ultra-high net worth multi-millionaires wouldn’t fill half the seats in Radio City Music Hall.

Ultimately, it’s not so much a plutocratic incursion of billionaires that is transforming many of the world’s great cities, but the much greater numbers of relatively well-off people who are flocking back to them, including the growing ranks of startup entrepreneurs, venture capitalists, and well-paid techies who are trading in their houses in the suburbs for condos, apartments, and townhouses in the city.

Creativitiy vs. the techies
The movement of urban high-tech startup companies and talent into urban centers is a real sea change. The leading high tech companies of the 1970s, ‘80s, ‘90s and even the early 2000s – like Intel, Apple, and Google – were all housed in corporate campuses in Silicon Valley. Microsoft’s headquarters was in suburban Redmond, Washington. Other high-tech companies clustered along the Route 128 suburbs outside Boston, in the suburbs of Austin, or the office parks of North Carolina’s Research Triangle.

That geography has changed dramatically as venture capital investment and startup companies have become much more urban.  Today, dense, urban San Francisco tops suburban Silicon Valley’s as the world’s number one location for venture capital-backed startups. New York City — and in particular a small area of Lower Manhattan — is second. Across the U.S., more than half of venture capital investment and nearly six in ten of U.S. startups are in urban zip codes.

Startups and cities are a natural match. Urban areas provide the diversity, creative energy, cultural richness, vibrant street-life, and openness to new ideas that the talent who launch and work for startups is looking for.  Their industrial and warehouse buildings provide flexible and reconfigurable work spaces. While many large, well-established tech companies which require large headquarter sites – like Microsoft, Apple, and Facebook to name a few – remain in the suburbs, the startups that power innovation and growth draw their strength and inspiration from cities.

Cities also help new companies attract talent. Today’s hottest startups concentrate on digital and social media, games, and creative applications, which draw on the deep pools of designers, composers, scenarists, musicians, marketers, and copywriters that can be found in cities.

Still, as technology companies and techies who work for them head back to cities, they are increasingly being blamed for their deepening problems of housing affordability and urban inequality.  In spring 2014, protests broke out in Oakland against the private buses that shuttle tech workers from their homes in the city’s gentrifying urban core to their jobs in the corporate campuses of Silicon Valley. In San Francisco’s Mission District, protestors dressed as clowns formed human pyramids, bounced giant exercise balls, and performed the can-can in front of a Google bus.

To what extent are urban startups and the techies who are increasingly settling in cities responsible for rising urban housing prices, inequality, and gentrification? On this, the evidence is actually mixed. There’s no question that the urban tech incursion has put pressure on housing costs, especially in cities like San Francisco, New York, Boston, and Seattle. The connections between economic inequality and urban tech are less clear-cut, however. For instance, the presence of startups and venture capital correlate with some measures of inequality but not others.  Moreover, tech companies are huge drivers of innovation, economic growth, jobs, and much-needed tax revenues that cities can use to address and mitigate the problems that come with them.

Are cities becoming more or less creative?
There can be no doubt that the recent influx of the very rich, of tech startups and their employees, and of financial and other professionals into cities is generating real challenges and prompting highly charged conflicts. But has it blunted those cities’ cultural creativity, as some have charged? In a word, no: The creative strengths of superstar cities have actually increased.

The concentration of creative industries and creative jobs in superstar cities like New York and LA remains strong. LA’s concentration of artistic and creative fields across the board is nearly three times the national average, while New York’s is more than double. LA’s concentration of fine artists, painters and sculptors is nearly four times as high as the national average; New York’s is one-and-a-half times as high. New York has nearly three times and LA more than twice the national average for musicians and singers. Both metros have more than three times the national average for writers and authors. And New York’s concentration of fashion designers is ten times higher than the national average, while LA’s is nearly eight times higher.

But, for all of the dire warnings coming from established musicians and artists, these cities are at least as artistically creative as they ever were, and even more technologically innovative. On the whole, their creative economies are considerably stronger than they were back in the 1970s and 1980s.  Would anyone really want to trade New York’s or LA’s economies today for their economic situation back in the 1970s or 80s?  The answer is obvious. The addition of high tech to these cities’ traditional strengths in artistic creativity, has made their economies stronger.

Put bluntly, some of the noisiest controversies regarding our changing cities spring from the competing factions of a new urban elite. The much bigger problem is the widening gap between this relatively advantaged class and everyone else. It’s the poor and the working classes who are truly being displaced and shunted aside in our thriving cities, and the way to help them is not to turn off the spigot of wealth creation, but to make their flourishing economies more encompassing and inclusive.
[1612 words]

Source:  Harvard Business Review

https://hbr.org/2017/06/are-the-super-rich-really-ruining-the-worlds-great-cities


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发表于 2017-6-12 18:59:58 | 显示全部楼层
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发表于 2017-6-12 23:46:13 | 显示全部楼层
T2:1:58.37
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发表于 2017-6-13 00:15:09 | 显示全部楼层
2.1.26.05[400 words]
3.1.14.92[381 words]
4.1.21.50[427 words]
5.1.37.43[470 words]
6.1.19.76[451 words]
7.7.07.10[1612 words]

大城市有很多高昂却闲置的大楼
城市逐渐有限的空间使得艺术创造者难以创作,更多的城市空间被改造为商业用地
顶尖富人对创造力作用有很大限制,但也不能以偏概全
科技对艺术的作用:大城市成为创业科技公司的首选,公司产生创造力
城市吸引才俊,但使得当地住房愈发紧张,
城市创业行业的聚集度在提高总体而言,城市的创造性比过去有极大提高
而且根本措施在于解决富人阶级与普通人的差距,提高整体经济水平


It is common to hear one problem,many buildings in the big cities are expensive but empty
Many artists ,musicians complain that they do not have enough space to create
The most rich people manage the majority of big cities ,as more buildings are converted for  business purpose,the creativity got threaten.
But also ,the changes in the urban also means the economic growth which is beneficial for creativity
As for the effect of techies on  the creativity ,the first function is  that Big cities appeal many startup companies and huge corporations ,they are making creations for the city and also the urban inspire the talent to work there,but the side effect is the for the space and increasing price on housing
The concentration of creative industries is increasing ,as a whole the cities nowadays are much more creative innovation than before.
All in all, what should be solved is to narrow the  gap between the rich people and others and to improve economy.

gentrification中产阶级化
Plutocrat ization财阀化
influx 涌入
palpable显而易见
nirvana天堂;极乐世界
ferment发酵剂;酶,酵素;骚动,动

发表于 2017-6-13 00:22:03 | 显示全部楼层

T2:1:54.32
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发表于 2017-6-13 00:26:29 | 显示全部楼层
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发表于 2017-6-13 08:56:36 来自手机 | 显示全部楼层
June 13 89-11经管
Time2:02:56
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发表于 2017-6-13 10:30:52 | 显示全部楼层
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