查看: 1339|回复: 38

[阅读小分队] 【Native Speaker每日训练计划】No.2771 文史哲

发表于 2020-5-6 21:04:06 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
内容:Sirrena Lai 编辑:Smiling Sima

Wechat ID: NativeStudy  / Weibo:

官方活动帖:长难句讨论帖-每日训练  SC讨论帖   CR讨论帖   RC讨论帖  Quant 讨论帖

Part I: Speaker

Virologist Spends His Days 'Hunting The Thing That Wants To Hunt Us'

NPR Global Health, May 5, 2020
Heard on Morning Edition
[Rephrase: 5:00 ]

Source: NPR

Part II: Speed

The Creator of the Male Scent Catalogue on the Difficulty of Describing “Essence of Man”

MAY 02, 2020

[Time 2]
Romance as a genre receives more than its fair share of mockery for, among other things, its overwrought olfactory descriptions. But one Twitter user has spent the past couple of years lovingly chronicling those very descriptions through the Male Scent Catalogue, which documents how authors describe male love interests and their odors:

Allison Breed, who runs the account, quit her job at the end of last year to spend 2020 traveling with her husband, only for the coronavirus to change their plans. Now Breed is filling the time in lockdown by reading at her home in Portland, Oregon, finding more fodder for the catalog in the process. Slate spoke to her about the Male Scent Catalogue and what it has taught her about the role of smell in romance. This interview has been condensed and edited for clarity.
Slate: You created this account in July 2018. What made you start keeping track of the male scents you read?

Allison Breed: That was the year I started recording everything that I read. I thought it’d be fun to pick out some things to keep track of in romance novels. I was highlighting female smells, male smells, tastes, the names for, like, a woman’s sex. But it was the male scents that stuck out to me.

Back up. When you say “names for a woman’s sex,” are you telling me you have a list of vaginal euphemisms somewhere?
[244 words]

[Time 3]
I used to! I got rid of them because I had too many lists going. But I have them all highlighted. If I go back through the books that I read, I could find them. That year, 2018, I read, like, 420 books. That was when depression and a really boring job had their hold, and I was reading more than a book a day. I was reading a lot of good books as well as a lot of bad books, and the bad books always had the best ones. A lot of “pleasure buttons” and “happy buttons.” How is that sexy or appealing?

Why did you ultimately settle on smells for the Twitter account? And why male smells, in particular?

I was noticing what seemed like more variety in the way that women smelled until I started to break it down into groups, and then I realized that women just smell either like sweet-smelling flowers or strawberries or baked goods—something edible, something delectable, something decadent. That was boring to me. It is weird that so many protagonists know specific flowers. I’m reading one right now in which the woman apparently smells like carnations. I can’t for the life of me imagine what a carnation smells like. I can picture a carnation, but I can’t smell it.

Why do you think there are so many floral scents for women?

I think for the same reason that so few men smell like flowers, right? They smell strong, or they smell like the woods. It’s gendered. They’re not going to smell like some delicate little thing that doesn’t live long and is only there to be pretty. Men want to have substance. There are some crossovers. Women can smell like mint, and men smell like mint a lot. Citrus was a shared scent I noticed.
[321 words]

[Time 4]
What smell trends have you noticed for men?

Woodsy, cedar, evergreen, pine. Spice and citrus seem to be mentioned together—although I read one today that specifically differentiated between spice and citrus. Sandalwood is common. Smelling clean and fresh, like soap—Irish Spring makes an appearance quite often. I know one author, Kate Clayborn, talks often about her love of Irish Spring.

And then, there’s always the essence of … whatever the male lead’s name is. He always smells masculine or male. In doing this, I learned a little bit about scents, and I learned that there are head notes, heart notes, and base notes. You’ll find that most scents are described in threes. So in A Duke by Default by Alyssa Cole, he smells like steel, citrus, and “the essence of Tavish.” From Luck of the Draw by Kate Clayborn, he smells like a bonfire, the trees, and “like him.” In The Kiss Quotient, he smells like hotel soap, minty toothpaste, and himself. In Samantha Young’s War of Hearts, he smells like earth, spice, and “incredibly male.”

I’m seeing the pattern.

It’s always in threes, it’s always those notes, and the base note is so often the man or some sort of essential notes of him. Class and career also affect the way a person smells. Working class tends to be clean and soapy and crisp. Billionaires tend to smell like expensive things, like leather and whiskey or some name-brand cologne. Athletes I’ve noticed are musky or fresh, in a sexy way. Honorable mentions would be mint, bergamot. But mostly essence of man.

What are some of your favorite male scents you’ve come across?

My favorites are the ones that don’t necessarily describe a smell but evoke a feeling. “He smells amazing—like a spicy, misty forest that I want to run through in a white silk nightgown,” or this one guy who smelled “oceany. Deep mysterious ocean with huge surges of waves.” Oh, and one from Sally Thorne, this is one of my favorites: “He smells like he always has: a blown-out birthday candle, sharp and smoky. It’s that smell in your nostrils when closing your eyes and making an impossible wish, and your mouth is watering for something sweet.”
[409 words]

[Time 5]
Tell me more about your methodology. Are you actively seeking out scents, or are you just coming across them as you read?

Just as I read. I’ve slowed down a lot since 2018, but I average around 20 romance novels a month. Once I finish a book, I enter it into my spreadsheet, and I track the title, the author, the pages, the genre, the format I read it on, the date, and comments, so I can go back and reference it. I just recently added a line for the male scents. I do everything in Kindle, so if I see a male scent, I’ll highlight it and mark it MSC, because I call it the Male Scent Catalogue. I’ve tried to start highlighting other things again. For a funny name for a sex part, like “his velvet-wrapped steel,” I’ll highlight that.

Does every male scent that you come across go on the Twitter account, or is there a threshold the scent has to meet?

Lately I’ve been more discerning. When I started, I did every scent, even in the books that I hated. Now I’m trying not to pull from books I dislike, and I’m focusing on actual descriptions of scents instead of just “his scent was overpowering and I wanted to nuzzle into him forever.” That happens a lot. I try to only tweet one scent from a book. I just pick my favorite. I try to get ones that don’t mention the man’s name. I think it’s more fun if it’s a random description without the character attached to it.

Reading through them all, it’s almost as though they’re all describing one man of many smells.

That’s what I want. It takes you out of it a little when you read “the rooftop breeze carried Luke’s fragrance.” I don’t care about Luke. Who’s Luke?

I notice you tag a lot of the authors of these books. Is there any particular author who is especially good at describing smells?
[371 words]

[Time 6]
It depends on the scene. Pippa Grant is someone who writes hilarious descriptions of smells. Some of them are really long. Here’s one from The Hero and the Hacktivist—oh, you need to know that she refers to the hero as “the ass” because he has a great ass. OK, so this is the heroine’s inner monologue:

The Ass—which isn’t a bad nickname, I swear, I like asses—smells like he had street hot dogs for lunch, except somehow the smell on him makes me think of hot dogs that are made of ground bear meat if it was a bear he wrestled to death after it tried to eat his ice cream while he was camping, and he’s secretly a chef who put the right seasonings in the bear dog to make it taste like some kind of exotic delicacy that causes orgasms when it hits your tongue. I can’t exactly explain it. Let’s just go with he smells good. That’s easier.

Earlier in the book he had been described as smelling like “starched tequila and danger.” I love that.

Romance novels are sometimes mocked for exactly those kinds of overwrought descriptions. Where does the Male Scent Catalogue stand on that mockery?

I like to think that it celebrates it. Some of the descriptions are ridiculous, but it depends on the book that you’re reading. I love when authors revel in it, like, “Yes, we are romance, and yes, we do get made fun of for this, but I’m going to live in it and it’s gonna be great.” But when people from outside of romance make fun of it, a little part of me goes, “Well, it was a really sweet moment in the book.” We can laugh at it but still love it.

Have you noticed male scents in books of other genres? How do they compare to romance?

Romance wins hands down. Every time. For a genre that describes however many men smell like the woods, there are a thousand different ways to describe smelling like the woods. I can joke about how everyone smells like sandalwood and strong, manly smells, but I don’t ever read the exact description twice.

What does your husband think of all these male smells? Also, how does he smell?

He thinks it’s hilarious. And he asks me that a lot! He’ll be like, “What are the three notes you’d use to describe me?”


I usually just say, “Sorry, my nose is stuffed up. I can’t smell right now.”
[465 words]

Source: book

Part III: Obstacle

HBO’s New Natalie Wood Documentary Doesn’t Have the Answers

Michael Schulman
May 5, 2020

[Paraphrase 7]
It takes a little more than an hour to discover what the new HBO documentary “Natalie Wood: What Remains Behind” is really about, if only because we’ve been thrown off the scent. At the beginning of the film, directed by Laurent Bouzereau, Wood’s older daughter, Natasha Gregson Wagner, describes hearing, at age eleven, of her mother’s shocking and mysterious death, in 1981. “Since then, there’s been so much speculation and focus on how she died that it’s overshadowed her life’s work and who she was as a person,” says Gregson Wagner, who is a producer of the film, and whose memoir about her mother coincides with the film’s release.

The documentary then weaves through the story of Wood’s life and career: her child stardom, in movies such as “Miracle on 34th Street”; her breakthrough adult roles in “Rebel Without a Cause,” “Splendor in the Grass,” and “West Side Story”; her unusual romance with the actor Robert Wagner, whom she married twice, with another marriage, to the producer Richard Gregson, in between; and her struggle to balance domesticity and work later in her career. There are interviews with friends and co-stars, including Robert Redford, Mia Farrow, and Elliott Gould, who attest to Wood’s fortitude and heart. There’s a brief but intriguing sequence about Wood’s rebellion against the studio system, when she battled Jack Warner for the right to choose her own projects. (She chose “West Side Story.”) And, as it’s told from a daughter’s perspective, there are fond recollections of Wood’s ability to host fabulous birthday parties and New Year’s Eve bashes, backed up by home movies and family photos.

Then, with half an hour to go, the film returns to the inescapable subject: that fateful, foggy weekend in late November, 1981, when Wood, Robert Wagner, and her latest co-star, Christopher Walken, took off in a yacht called Splendour to Catalina Island, off the California coast. On the evening of November 28th, Wood, who was forty-three, somehow wound up in the water. The next morning, her body was found a mile from the boat, near an inflatable dinghy. Decades of conjecture about what happened have, indeed, overshadowed Wood’s life: Was it an accident? Or did Wagner push his wife overboard, the result of too much booze or perhaps some sort of love triangle with Walken? In the documentary, Natasha sits across from her stepfather, with whom she is close—she calls him “Daddy Wagner”—and walks through his memory of the events. (Walken is not interviewed.) And here the film reveals its underlying intent: to exonerate Robert Wagner.

The actor, now ninety, describes a fight he had with Walken that night. Walken and Wood were starring in the movie “Brainstorm,” part of her comeback after years of staying home to raise her children. When Walken proclaimed that she was a great actress and it was important that she keep acting, Wagner recalls responding, “I think it’s important that you stay out of our life.” (They had been drinking wine, and Wagner says that he was high.) Wood, he says, went down to the bedroom, below decks. Wagner smashed a bottle in fury and followed Walken out to the deck, berating him. Wagner and the captain cleaned up the broken glass, and by the time Wagner went down for bed, Wood had disappeared. He called the shore patrol and then the coast guard, but there was no sign of her. “That night’s gone through my mind so many times,” Wagner says. Father and daughter agree that Wood was sensitive to noise and might have been trying to re-tie the dinghy into a quieter position, and she could have hit her head. The coroner reported that Wood had been drunk, and had wine and Champagne in her system. “It’s important to me, Daddy, that people think of you the way I know that you are,” Natasha says, “and it bothers me that anyone would ever think that you would be involved in what happened to her.”

The alternate narrative—murder!—is laid at the feet of Wood’s sister, Lana, who detailed her suspicions in a 1984 memoir and in appearances everywhere from “Dr. Phil” to CrimeCon. Lana is herself an actress, whose credits include the series “Peyton Place” and the James Bond film “Diamonds Are Forever,” and the documentary paints her as a hanger-on who tried to capitalize on her sister’s fame; as Wagner’s current wife, Jill St. John, notes, “Her name was not Wood, but her mother changed it to Lana Wood.” “I don’t even think she believes what she’s saying,” Natalie’s younger daughter, Courtney, says, of her aunt. By now it’s clear that we have entered an interfamilial blood feud. Minutes before the end credits, Natasha, speaking directly to the camera, says, “She’s literally accused my dad of killing my mom, when that’s the farthest thing from the truth.”

Wood’s death was clearly shattering for her young children, and decades of public sleuthing only compounded the tragedy. But it’s possible to sympathize with the family’s unresolved grief—and even to believe in Wagner’s innocence—while feeling unsettled by the film’s unspoken agenda, which gives it the sheen of a “nothing to see here” Hollywood P.R. job. For anyone willing to go down the rabbit hole, there’s an exhaustive body of literature on the other side of the scale: not just Lana’s tell-all but a comprehensive biography of Natalie Wood by Suzanne Finstad, which came out in 2001 and was rereleased this year, with new information about the circumstances of Wood’s death. “People would come to see, as I had, that Natalie Wood’s drowning was not an accident,” Finstad says, of the new evidence, which includes the recollections of Dr. Michael Franco, who was an intern at the L.A. Coroner’s Office at the time, and saw suspicious bruising on Wood’s thighs and shins that suggested that she was pushed. When he pointed them out to the coroner, Franco claims, he was told, “Some things are best left unsaid.” The deckhand, Dennis Davern (who has co-authored his own book), has said that he initially lied to the police and in fact overheard a fight between Wagner and Wood that night, in which Wagner yelled, “Get off my fucking boat!” In 2011, the L.A.P.D. reopened the case after receiving new information, and, as of 2018, Wagner has been named a “person of interest.” Wood’s official cause of death, originally recorded as “accidental drowning,” is now “drowning and other undetermined factors.”

Few things are as intoxicating as a Hollywood mystery; people are still trying to solve the murder of the director William Desmond Taylor, in 1922. As convincing and heartfelt as “Natalie Wood: What Remains Behind” may be, it makes sense only in the context of the last decade of renewed speculation, which the new film is more likely to exacerbate than to quell. It’s a shame that the documentary doesn’t stick more to its ostensible goal: to refocus attention on Wood’s life and work. A film critic or historian, for instance, might have shed more light on Wood’s transitional place in film acting, as a product of the old studio system who, along with James Dean and Marlon Brando, injected movies with an explosive kind of neurosis. (She did great nervous breakdowns, notably in the bathtub scene in “Splendor in the Grass.”) Unlike Dean and Brando, Wood didn’t train in Method acting, but she spent years in Freudian analysis and learned to use her “demons” onscreen. She attempted suicide multiple times and suffered from debilitating phobias instilled by a superstitious and unstable mother, who was told by a fortune-teller that her daughter would die in “dark water”—a detail almost too ominous for a Hollywood screenplay. Her relationship with Nicholas Ray, the much older director of “Rebel Without a Cause,” when she was sixteen, makes her a #MeToo victim decades before the phrase gained notoriety.

The documentary does give glimpses of Wood’s conflicted psyche, as revealed in a 1966 essay that she wrote for Ladies’ Home Journal but never published, titled “Public Property, Private Person.” “How do you separate reality from illusion,” she wrote of her first, failed marriage to Wagner, “when you have been trapped in make-believe all your life?” Her screen legacy now seems trapped in the mystery of her demise, skewing and obscuring what came before. We’ll probably never know how Natalie Wood died—Finstad calls it a “Chekhovian tragedy with no resolution short of a confession”—but her dual existence, as both public property and private person, remains a captivating paradox.
[1599 words]



您需要 登录 才可以下载或查看,没有帐号?立即注册

发表于 2020-5-6 21:18:32 发自手机 Web 版 | 显示全部楼层
T2 1'43[244 words]
T3 2'21[321 words]
T4 3'17[409 words]
T5 2'48[371 words]
T6 3'41[465 words]
发表于 2020-5-6 22:04:46 发自手机 Web 版 | 显示全部楼层
T2 1'59[244 words]
T3 2'06[321 words]
T4 4'28[409 words]
T5 4’13[371 words]
T6 3'28[465 words]
T7 14’49
发表于 2020-5-6 22:30:16 | 显示全部楼层

A blogger kept track and organized a catalog for male scents described in romantic novels.
The reason why keep track of male smells is because of their variances. Men do not want to smell like delicate little thing.
Trend for men's scent are woodsy, cedar, evergreen, pine, which indicate masculine characteristics. The factor determing how a male lead smells like maybe their essential traits or class and career.
The interviewee' favourite scents are those which evoke a feeling. Her methodology for gathering the scents is to enter scents into spreadsheet to keep track of details of every book.
As the interviewee reads more books, she established a threshold for scents covered in her blog and tried not to include smells from the books her disliked.
The standard for a good writer of scents  depends on the scene.   Interviewee pointed out the aim of writing this catalogue is to celebrate the beauty of romance novels as well as tolaugh at their overwriting.
发表于 2020-5-6 22:43:36 | 显示全部楼层
Time 2: 1’31
Time 3: 1’11
Time 4: 1’26
Time 5: 2’01
Time 6: 2’09
OB: 9’33
发表于 2020-5-6 22:46:12 | 显示全部楼层
Time2 1'13
Breed started to record the male scent catalogue in romance for fun.

Time3 1'31
Women seem to favour the scent of flowers in particular by nature.

Time4 2'03
There are something in commen for men's scents.

Time5 1'31
how Breed record and the  standard for her posting on Twitter

Time6 2'03
an example of description of male scent that Breed likes and the meaning of such description in romance

Obstacle 7'14
The passage talks about the mystry of Wood's life, both her film and death.
发表于 2020-5-6 22:57:57 | 显示全部楼层
OB 9:45
发表于 2020-5-6 23:14:07 | 显示全部楼层
T2 2'59
T3 3'06
T4 5'28
T5 5’13
T6 4'28
T7 17’40
发表于 2020-5-6 23:17:23 | 显示全部楼层

T2 1'24[244 words]
T3 2'03[321 words]
T4 2'20[409 words]
T5 1’46[371 words]
T6 2'15[465 words]
T7 09’57
发表于 2020-5-6 23:18:53 | 显示全部楼层
T2 1'43
T3 2'24
T4 3'17
T5 2'48
T6 3'41
您需要登录后才可以回帖 登录 | 立即注册

Mark一下! 看一下! 顶楼主! 感谢分享! 快速回复:

手机版|Archiver|ChaseDream京公网安备11010202008513号 京ICP证101109号 京ICP备12012021号

GMT+8, 2020-11-26 15:01 , Processed in 0.109151 second(s), 8 queries , Memcache On.

ChaseDream 论坛

© 2003-2020 All Rights Reserved.