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[阅读小分队] 【Native Speaker每日训练计划】No.2764 文史哲

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发表于 2020-5-2 20:32:59 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
内容:Smiling Sima 编辑:Sirrena Lai

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Part I: Speaker


Should The U.S. Follow China's Example Of Mandatory Quarantine Centers?

Heard on Morning Edition, April 28, 2020
[Rephrase: 6:56]



Source: NPR
https://www.npr.org/transcripts/846919746


Part II: Speed





Empty Lecture Halls, No Fall Football, a Freshman-Only Campus.
How colleges are thinking through reopening plans.

By RUTH GRAHAM
APRIL 28, 2020

[Time 2]
With its wide green lawns and stately architecture, Concordia College’s bucolic campus in the small New York suburb of Bronxville is one of its main attractions to students. Campus has been closed to students since March 22, when Gov. Andrew Cuomo instituted the state’s plan to “pause” normal operations. Now, administrators there are trying to figure out what it will look like for Concordia to reopen in the fall. “The degree of anxiety and uncertainty right now in higher education is unparalleled,” said John Nunes, Concordia’s president since 2016. “There’s no one you can talk to who knows what is going to happen.”

Across the country, colleges and universities are trying to make plans for the fall semester, armed with the same scraps of speculation and ever-changing information. Only one thing is certain: Campus life at the schools that do reopen their classrooms and dorms this fall is going to look radically different.

When most schools closed their campuses in March in response to the pandemic, it felt inconceivable to employees and students that closures would last longer than the semester. “We initially thought, ‘Oh, no problem, by the fall we’ll be back,’ ” said Deborah Weiss, a professor and faculty senate president at Southern Connecticut State University, a public school in New Haven. “Now it’s looking tentative.” Last week, Weiss was asked by her administration to gather faculty volunteers for a committee to make plans for the fall, with options ranging from remaining fully online to reopening campus at something like normal capacity.

With spring semesters winding to a close, many colleges and universities have by now canceled their summer activities or moved them online. But few have made concrete announcements about the start of the traditional school year in the fall, or what it might look like. There are hints that some schools may continue to operate virtually. California State University–Fullerton announced last week that it was preparing to at least start the fall semester online-only. Boston University said it had considered delaying the start of the next semester until January 2021. The chancellor of the University of Pittsburgh recently told campus leaders that “back to normal probably is not likely” for the school this fall.
[369 words]

[Time 3]
Other schools are striking a more bullish tone. In Indiana, Purdue University’s president announced last week that the school plans to welcome the usual number of students back to campus in the fall. The president of Brown University, Christina Paxson, wrote an op-ed in the New York Times on Monday arguing that the future of higher education relies on most schools reopening their campuses. “I am cautiously optimistic that campuses can reopen in the fall,” Paxson wrote, citing protocols like rapid testing and disease tracing. Brown recently announced a task force to develop fall plans but has not made an announcement about its final decision. Many schools have said they will make plans public by a particular date: George Washington University will announce plans by May 15, the University of South Carolina by June 15, Yale by July. Harvard announced on Monday that it will reopen either online or on campus in the fall, an announcement that served to highlight the fact that reopening instead of delaying the fall semester is a choice rather than an inevitability.

Colleges, just like any business, naturally want to reopen. But at small private schools, especially, reopening could be a matter of survival. “We are highly dependent on tuition,” Nunes said of Concordia. “When enrollment drops, there will be a place below which our model will not be sustainable. … We’re vulnerable.” Some schools are resorting to offering enticements like tuition discounts, early move-in dates, and plum dorm assignments, as the Washington Post reported last week. For many schools, room and board is an important source of revenue, which means that charging tuition for online courses will still portend significant losses. In Ohio, Urbana University announced last week that it was closing permanently at the end of the spring semester; enrollment had been low for years, but “the global coronavirus pandemic has added a level of stress and uncertainty to Urbana’s prospects that make it impossible to sustain.”

At Berea College in Kentucky, administrators are looking at a range of scenarios for the fall, from reopening with new social distancing procedures, to postponing the return to campus by a few months, to postponing the start of the semester until January. “We want the best possible chance of saying yes to the semester,” president Lyle Roelofs told me last week. He is keeping an eye on access to rapid testing and also on infection rates in the states from which Berea draws a significant share of its students, including Georgia and Florida. (Berea’s financial incentives are different because it accepts only students from low-income families and does not charge tuition.)
[436 words]

[Time 4]
But even the administrators leading the charge to reopen campuses in the fall acknowledge that daily life will look radically different. Masks will likely still be in common use. Packed lecture halls are not an option. There is open speculation that the college football season and other fall sports could be canceled. Some schools are tentatively planning for a “hybrid” semester, with select learning components taking place on campus, with social distancing measures in place, and other activities remaining online. Baylor University in Texas announced Monday it plans to resume in-person classes and residential life in the fall, but added, “We are not planning for a ‘normal start.’ ” In her op-ed, Paxson acknowledged that campus life could look different for Brown students in the fall: “Imagine athletics events taking place in empty stadiums, recital halls with patrons spaced rows apart and virtual social activities replacing parties.”

At Concordia College, Nunes expects some classrooms this fall to be “flipped,” using a teaching model that typically means that instructors record lectures for students to view on their own, with group class periods used for the professor to help with traditional “homework” assignments. Another possibility is breaking the fall semester into two sections, giving students more flexibility about when to arrive. “I don’t know yet what returning means,” he said, “but it will look different.”

Most administrators I spoke with sounded fairly optimistic that sophomores, juniors, and seniors would generally be willing and able to remain enrolled, even if many classes are virtual in the fall. The bigger question is incoming freshmen. At colleges where a robust campus life is part of the attraction, will students and their parents be willing to pay for an experience that is a pale copy of the glossy college brochure? Will low-income students or those without much family support be able to overcome the disruption of a monthslong delay? With many campus visits canceled this spring, many schools have no idea what their enrollment numbers will look like, anyway. The traditional deadline for a high school senior to commit to a college is May 1, although many schools have extended the deadline to June 1 this year. “A student who has been delayed in their plans will not necessarily follow through,” Roelofs said. One of the scenarios Berea is considering is inviting only freshmen onto campus in the fall, to get them acclimated to college culture while maintaining social distancing recommendations.

As institutions large and small have speedily learned how to conduct college classes online, there’s the question of whether the pandemic portends a permanent realignment toward virtual teaching in higher education. But it’s also possible that forgoing campus life for a semester or two will serve as a reminder of what makes it so special in the first place. “You hear a lot of talk about how this will change the face of university education,” Weiss said. “That might be true. … But I think once we get it back, people will really treasure being together face to face.”
[504 words]

Source: Human Interest
https://slate.com/human-interest/2020/04/how-colleges-and-universities-are-thinking-through-reopening-plans.html?via=section_features




How John Krasinski Became America’s New Dad
While some celebrities sang their way to disaster, one figured out how to walk a fine line.

By WILLA PASKIN
April 28, 2020

[Time 5]
The mission of John Krasinski’s quarantine response series is right there in the title: delivering Some Good News at a moment when it is in unprecedentedly short supply. The weekly “news program” is formally indebted to “Weekend Update,” but it’s after uplifting smiles, cathartic tears, and warm-fuzzy reassurance instead of laughs. In each episode, Krasinski narrates dozens of viral clips demonstrating humanity’s resilience and passion for choreographed dance routines, spotlights heartwarming Americans, and facilitates interactions between said Americans and well-meaning celebrities. It’s wholesome and canny coronavirus counterprogramming—the first episode has been viewed more than 17 million times—that’s also wholesome and canny career management by Krasinski, who, with SGN, is slipping into the role of America’s Quarantine Dad easily, as if it were a pair of slippers.

America, of course, already has a celebrity dad: Tom Hanks, whose very blood is apparently being used to contribute to the commonweal. That Hanks might be edging, numerically speaking, into grandfather territory is of little consequence. (The 63-year-old does have three grandchildren.) What with our abusive presidential father, the American public is so desperately in need of reassuring authority figures someone tossing out Life Savers candies might get a second look. With SGN, Krasinski is doing more than that. In the past few years he has bulked up his familiar sitcom star persona with some action-hero brawn, becoming a vintage dad: corny, a little overconfident, but with his heart in the right place. “Whenever a dad does anything that’s super nice and wholesome, it makes me want to cry,” Billie Eilish’s brother, Finneas, told Krasinski moments before they performed for the virtual prom Krasinski had arranged (just as Matt Damon’s character in Contagion did before him). “I love that you think I’m a dad first,” Krasinski replied, wearing a tux and red glasses with the lenses knocked out. “Because I think I’m a dad first, too.” Krasinski has two children with his wife, Emily Blunt. His daughters painted the SGN logo.
[329 words]

[Time 6]
Like a good dad, Krasinski is here to make the best out of the worst. His dark hair and beard growing slightly longer every episode, he introduces viral tweets, photos, and videos with gusto, good spirit, and a jokey cadence that belies his earnestness. He narrates nurses doing dance numbers, a husband crooning to his wife through the window of a nursing home, a man leaving toilet paper on his porch for delivery people to take, cities around the world clapping for essential workers, and a family doing a trick golf shot off the roof of their house. He praises heroes, celebrates joy, and is sure to mention which videos made him cry hard. When he interviews the regular people and medical professionals featured in these videos, he thanks them profusely. In collecting all of this in one place, SGN isn’t just providing examples of our ability to inspire, entertain, and distract one another in these trying times. It’s trying to become another such example, sampling others’ uplifting and creative gestures into a remixed megagesture.

The rapid-fire survey of human ingenuity and bigheartedness that takes up the first half of the 15-ish minute shows is followed by celebrity razzle-dazzle, which Krasinski delivers with self-effacing noblesse oblige. Celebrity is what he can bring to the table, so he’s going to bring it—it’s the least he can do. Episodes have featured the cast of Hamilton performing for a young fan on Zoom, Steve Carell reminiscing with Krasinski about The Office, cooking with Guy Fieri, the Red Sox’s David Ortiz gifting essential workers season tickets before letting them run around Fenway, and SGN meteorologists Brad Pitt and Robert De Niro tersely describing the weather.

These celebrities aren’t doing all that much, but they are doing at least some active entertaining—something that Krasinski, like other famous people successfully navigating the crisis, has intuited is necessary in the wake of the “Imagine” kerfuffle. Early in the quarantine, when Gal Gadot enlisted dozens of celebrities to sing along to “Imagine,” the participants accidentally revealed that they believed a celebrity’s mere presence—however cheesy and ineffectual—to be an uplifting gift. (The universally disdainful response must have come as a surprise to everyone involved: Just a week prior, these famous people and their teams had been living in a world in which mere presence was enough to satisfy brands, event holders, and fans.) But a video clip and a line of John Lennon aren’t going to cut it anymore, and savvy celebrities have grokked that they need to provide something of less dubious entertainment value.
[430 words]

[Time 7]
It’s never been easier for a celebrity to seem self-important and out of it, but Krasinski has had a lot of practice walking the tightrope between self-effacement and self-aggrandizement, between humility and false humility. As Jim Halpert, the character he played for years on The Office, he was simultaneously the guy who was better than his surroundings and the one who was sometimes unbearable in this belief. Krasinski has well-honed line deliveries that rescue him from the latter category and beach him in the former. He begins each episode by recapping SGN’s popularity, calling attention to copycats and the fan art it’s inspired in tones of self-deprecating astonishment. His enthusiasm—look how big his little show has gotten!—masks the essential self-congratulation. It doesn’t always work. “Joy not only echoed across the globe—it echoed its way right out of this world” Krasinski exclaimed during one segment, as he cut to the astronauts at the International Space Station holding up SGN signs. The good news there was apparently that the news of Some Good News had made it into orbit.

For Krasinski this is good news: Like Amazon, Zoom, and the purveyors of jigsaw puzzles, he is poised to be one of the winners of this disaster. That this does not seem to have been his goal is part of the reason it’s happening. In retrospect, though, Krasinski was well positioned to deliver this kind of uplift. Americans’ claustrophobic intimacy with our sitcom stars—how we expect them to be like they were on TV—works against actors who are trying to do something new but in their favor when they can channel it. On The Office, we watched Jim Halpert mature from an underachiever with a doofy haircut into, well, a dad.

Krasinski struggled for years to figure out what to do next—his directorial debut was based on a David Foster ** book, and he was a runner-up for Captain America—but he slowly steered in a more macho direction, first with a Michael Bay movie and then with Amazon’s Jack Ryan, the sort of meat-and-potatoes American exceptionalist action fare that two-thirds of the extended family at Thanksgiving has seen. With A Quiet Place, the blockbuster movie he co-wrote, directed, and acted in, Krasinski auteured himself into the role of a protector: a father trying to keep his family safe amid the apocalypse. A Quiet Place Part II was supposed to be released in March, but it’s been pushed to September. In the interim, Krasinski is doing SGN and tracing the arc we always wanted for him, because we first wanted it for Jim: lost funny guy matures into upstanding, spirit-boosting adult before our very eyes.
[448 words]

[The rest]
In each episode of SGN—there have been five at the time of this writing—Krasinski sits behind a desk in a suit and tie, only to reveal at the end that his top doesn’t match his bottoms. He’s wearing Red Sox boxers, a tutu, a dress, a bathing suit, etc., It’s a dad joke. But it turns out the dad joke is a great métier for male celebrities whose persona doesn’t depend on being cool: a controlled, charming way to let people expel resentment they might otherwise hold onto while making them feel close to you. The joke of a dad joke is not the joke itself—those are only ever groaningly funny, if that—it’s the dad. In conscientiously making jokes in which he and his corny sense of humor are the punchline, the dad is creating a dad-sanctioned occasion to laugh at Dad, a pressure release orchestrated by the person in charge. Krasinski seems to implicitly understand how this works for a celebrity like him. Sitting in his office, in his boxer shorts, he’s happy to go for the soft, cozy joke instead of the sharp one. There’s more longevity, more reliability, ultimately maybe even more affection in being a comforting celebrity than a cool one.  

That, after all his efforts, SGN might not actually make you feel better has less to do with Krasinski than with the limitations of the format. Who among us has not had a recent cry at a viral clip of someone doing something incredibly hard, or kind, or silly? But strung together, those clips lose their power. They blur together, and you go numb. Instead of revealing our resilience, their cheerfulness starts to seem almost pathological. It’s right there in the title: The amount of good news out there is only some. There’s not really enough to go around, though there does seem to be enough for John Krasinski.
[320 words]

Source: Culture
https://slate.com/culture/2020/04/john-krasinski-some-good-news-americas-new-dad.html


Part III: Obstacle




At the Sondheim Tribute, Necessity Was the Mother of Invention
Everyone sang from their homes, but no one was alone.

By SAM ADAMS
April 27, 2020

[Paraphrase 8]
Nothing brings people together like live performance, or, in the case of Take Me to the World: A Sondheim 90th Birthday Celebration, waiting for it. The tribute to the greatest living composer of musical theater was scheduled to begin at 8 p.m. Sunday night, and fans both rabid and casual gathered around their variously sized screens to share the closest thing we’ve got to a collective experience right now. As the livestream on Broadway.com failed to appear on schedule, breathless anticipation turned to jokes about how, just like a real Broadway show, the online tribute would start a few minutes after the hour, then passing around word that it would be more like 8:30. But social media didn’t really explode until composer Stephen Schwartz finished his solo piano rendition of the prologue to Follies and the stream cut to what was meant to be a live introduction from Raúl Esparza. Esparza, who starred in the 2006 revival of Company, started off with an impassioned speech about the vitality of Sondheim’s work and the importance of live theater—or at least, he seemed to, as far as anyone could make out. For minutes that seemed like hours, Esparza kept talking while viewers heard nothing. As we waited for someone, anyone, to let him know, the mood went from anxious to perplexed to desperate. “RAUUUUL,” Lin-Manuel Miranda yelled at him on Twitter. “NO SE OYEEE.” No one can hear.

While you always hope for perfection, the potential for such screw-ups is what makes live performance … live. It hurt to see the look on Esparza’s face change as he realized he wasn’t getting through, to see his camera fall sideways and stare at the floor before the stream cut away, again. But during this moment when every video link broadcasts evidence of how even in quarantine the famous are living better lives than ours, Esparza’s apparent inability to make a Zoom call work was the most “Stars—they’re just like us!” moment imaginable.

While we waited, and waited—How late is this thing going to be? Could it actually just … not happen?!—would-be viewers killed time on Twitter, cracking jokes until we cried. Crazy Ex-Girlfriend’s Rachel Bloom and Pulitzer-winning critic Emily Nussbaum chimed in with their own tributes, and their followers followed suit. Let a thousand Sondheim tributes bloom!

After a few more false starts, Take Me to the World began airing in earnest shortly after 9. I held my breath through Schwartz’s by-now-familiar intro and the opening credits, finally exhaling when we slid right into the next pre-taped segment. (Esparza, who finally showed up to sing later in the broadcast, started posting videos to his Twitter account rather than hosting live.) By then, the viewers had been bound together, not just by their shared love for, or even just curiosity about, one of musical theater’s great geniuses, but the collective anxiety and disbelief of watching the whole thing almost slide off the rails, and the sense of relief when it didn’t. We had become, in short, an audience, and while the tributes weren’t unrolling in real time, our reactions to them were. You can still watch the entire thing on YouTube—and make a donation to Artists Striving to End Poverty, its beneficiary, while you’re at it—but you might not share the same astonishment of watching Katrina Lenk—who had just started playing the lead in a new production of Company when COVID-19 shut Broadway down—pull out an acoustic guitar for “Johanna” and turn Sweeney Todd’s lovesick belter into a lilting ballad of same-sex longing. (Comedian Randy Rainbow later gender-flipped Sweeney’s “By the Sea” in the opposite direction, after expressing mock irritation that Sondheim reserved so many of his best songs for women.)

A tribute concert conducted via video chat doesn’t have the same sense of purpose as gathering all those artists together under one roof, but the singers self-taping from quarantine added a new element. It wasn’t just the way they sang Sondheim’s songs that put them across, but the settings they chose: Elizabeth Stanley seated in front of a woven blanket and bathed in afternoon sunlight for “The Miller’s Son,” Chip Zien singing “No More” with the baker’s hat he wore during the original production of Into the Woods placed prominently on the piano behind him. Although Sondheim didn’t perform himself, most tributes ended with a “Happy birthday, Steve”—or sometimes “Mr. Sondheim,” or even “sir”—as if we were intercepting a personal transmission from one artist to another. Some tributes were staged more carefully than others: Donna Murphy placed the libretto for Passion atop her piano, with candles flickering in the distance, while Jake Gyllenhaal, backed by louvered closet doors in dim lighting, looked as if he was shooting in a college student’s apartment. But the sound was good, and the performances often stunning. Often, that was because of their simplicity. Mandy Patinkin took his version of Sunday in the Park With George’s “Lesson #8” out on the grass near a running brook. Bernadette Peters sang “No One Is Alone” a cappella, the slight cracks in her voice rendering the message of reassurance more beautiful in its fragility. Brian Stokes Mitchell needed only an old-fashioned microphone and a bright red backdrop to belt out “The Flag Song,” a number cut from Assassins whose battered patriotism felt tailored to a moment when the American ideal and its reality seem so far apart.

Not surprisingly, given the circumstances, most of Take Me to the World’s songs were solos. But in the spirit of live theater, where necessities of circumstance are often converted into artistic statements, two of the broadcast’s highlights turned the conference call grid into a stage. Pacific Overtures’ “Someone in a Tree,” which Sondheim has called the best song he’s ever written, filters history through the lens of differing perspectives, and those were here made literal by the separate spaces its singers inhabited. And “The Ladies Who Lunch,” which is normally a solo number, became a sozzled group chat between Christine Baranski, Meryl Streep, and Audra McDonald, swilling booze in their bathrobes as they ride out the storm. Stephen Sondheim’s songs have plumbed the depths of the human heart, but that might be the most relatable they’ve ever been.
[1044 words]

Source: Culture
https://slate.com/culture/2020/04/sondheim-90th-birthday-tribute-broadway-video-stream.html


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发表于 2020-5-2 22:42:43 发自手机 Web 版 | 显示全部楼层
T2: 2:23
T3: 2:18
T4: 3:03
T5: 3:15
T6: 1:25
T7: 0:52
T8: 5:39
发表于 2020-5-3 01:23:47 发自手机 Web 版 | 显示全部楼层
Obstacle: 4”15 [1044]
发表于 2020-5-3 09:05:55 | 显示全部楼层
T2
Campus has closed because of the pandemic, and the wide green lawns and architecture are attractions for most students, but it is probably the students are unlikely to return to the school this fall.
T3
Some schools have the  condition to reopen the school in fall but colleges just like any business, they are facing the threaten .
T4
Even some administrators lead the charge to reopen the school but different schools are radically different, some students are having classes online and so many things will change the face of university of education.
T5
John Krasinski’s quarantine response series is right there in the title.
Bucolic  牧歌的;牧羊的     scrap 碎片;残余物   bullish 看涨的;上扬的  glossy 光滑的;有光泽的     portend 预示;预兆   realignment 重新排列;(公司或体系)重组
Canny   精明的,谨慎的     vintage葡萄收获期   
 楼主| 发表于 2020-5-3 09:47:41 | 显示全部楼层
T2: 3'36
T3: 2'11
T4: 3'03
T5: 2'21
T6: 2'40
T7: 2'46
T8: 1'55
OBSTACLE: 5'59
发表于 2020-5-3 15:05:06 发自手机 Web 版 | 显示全部楼层
A grandma came into a 40s man. At first, he refused to see her garden politely. However, he apologized and went to see her paintings.
发表于 2020-5-3 22:57:06 | 显示全部楼层
Time2 1'35
Few school announced their plan for the fall semester in this pandemic.

Time3 2'01
Postponing the semester will be a difficult choice for some schools.

Time4 2'28
It will not be a normal term for schools and the pandemic will have an effect on higher education.



Obstacle 5'26
The passage talks about the campaign-- Take Me to the World, where musicians broadcast their songs online during the pandemic.
发表于 2020-5-3 22:57:42 | 显示全部楼层
OB 9:35

New words:
rabid  chimed  lilting  turned the conference call grid into a stage  sozzled  swilling booze

Paraphrase :
The writer described and made comment on a tribute hold via video chat.
The performance met some troubles at the beginning, such as late streaming, losing voice and cutting off. Nevertheless, this show turned out to be a hit because the audience bond together better than ever. They realized stars are just like normal people and got involved in the live show.
The online show does not share the same purpose of gathering people under one roof, but different settings used by artists around the world did add flavor in this streaming performance. Also, the performance was still stunning due to its simplicity.
发表于 2020-5-3 23:22:07 | 显示全部楼层
T2:1'28
T3:2'28
T4:2'41
T5:2'00
T6:2'12
T7:2'11

发表于 2020-5-3 23:39:16 | 显示全部楼层
T1
Wuhan government showed their quarantine achievement over the past months. The US society is under debate that whether US government asks people to have mandatory self-quarantine like Chinese government. According to the Wuhan experience, the importance of central quarantine center is the design of the space, which allows not to let people go home to infect others in their houses. In terms of laws, governments are allowed to push people to quarantine based on social health benefit but should pay attention to how to utilize the power.

T2 01:31 [369 words]
Most of schools in the US have turned their classes online since March and expects everything will be back to normal in the fall as the epidemic eases. However, some universities began to foresee the next semester and announced the possibility of continued online course in the fall semester.

T3 02:05 [436 words]
Some universities chose to reopen this semester or the next. Those which struggles to maintain its financial pressure are eager to reopen due its continued losses in online courses.

T4 02:18 [504 words]
Besides, the school administration is worried about the usage of the masks, and the impact on the enrollment of university freshmen. Staff are starting to plan for the student allocation, course setup and promotion towards freshmen.

T5 01:32 [329 words]
In addition to Tom Hanks, F has become the latest America’s dad as his video post in the internet during coronavirus period.

T6 01:46 [430 words]
F provided touching and funny video clips on his online talking show, which became an uplifting and inspiring model for new American people.

T6 02:07 [448 words]
JK already illustrated his sense of humor on previous TV shows, and now turns into an uplifting figure for the audience. He is also planning for his next movie and to-be-published book.

T7 01:03 [320 words]
JK knows how to play his role either in his previous funny character or current touching and uplifting host to touch audience’s heart.

T8 04:07 [1044 words]
Broadway shows have been suspended due to coronavirus, but it did not stop the performers from giving outstanding performance to the audience. The famous gathered online to perform famous Broadway shows and initiated a donation to the anticoronavirus-related charity.
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