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[SC总结] with伴随短语形式总结

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发表于 2004-2-23 23:53:00 |显示全部楼层

with伴随短语形式总结

LZM:独立结构一般用介词with引入,其本身有明白清楚的主语,只是没有谓语动词或省略了being,该结构使得句子紧凑,描绘生动。


with短语作独立主格结构的构成是:with+n./pron.+现在分词(过去分词、介词短语、不定式、形容词等)其中的名词/代词就是该独立结构的主语。而当with+n./pron.+现在分词(过去分词)时,with可省略。


    365、In addition to having more protein than wheat does, the protein in rice is higher


quality than that in wheat, with more of the amino acids essential to the human diet.


(A) the protein in rice is higher quality than that in


(B) rice has protein of higher quality than that in


(C) the protein in rice is higher in quality than it is in


(D) rice protein is higher in quality than it is inB


(E) rice has a protein higher in quality than


    with+n.+adj.


695、The average weekly wage nearly doubled in the 1970’s, rising from $114 to $220, yet the average worker ended the decade with a decrease in what their pay may buy.


(A) with a decrease in what their pay may buy


(B) with what was a decrease in what they were able to buy


(C) having decreased that which they could buy


(D) decreasing in purchasing powerE


(E) with a decrease in purchasing power


    with+n.+prep.短语


802、The peaks of a mountain range, acting like rocks in a streambed, produce ripples in the air flowing over them: the resulting flow pattern, with crests and troughs that remain stationary although the air that forms them is moving rapidly, are known as “standing waves.”


(A) crests and troughs that remain stationary although the air that forms them is moving rapidly, are


(B) crests and troughs that remain stationary although they are formed by rapidly moving air, are


(C) crests and troughs that remain stationary although the air that forms them is moving rapidly, is


(D) stationary crests and troughs although he air that forms them is moving rapidly, areC


(E) stationary crests and troughs although they are formed by rapidly moving air, is


    with+n.??(这个也可以??)


937、         With a total population of less than two hundred and fewer breeding females than ever before, the American crocodile seemed a decade ago to be in danger of disappearing.


(A) of less than two hundred and fewer


(B) lower than two hundred and less


(C) lesser than two hundred and fewer


(D) fewer than two hundred and lessA


(E) of fewer than two hundred and of fewer


     with+n.??


943、With total sales of less than three hundred thousand dollars and fewer new subscribers than last year, the New England Theatre Company is in danger of losing its building.


(A) of less than three hundred thousand dollars and fewer


(B) lower than three hundred thousand dollars and less


(C) lesser than three hundred thousand dollars and fewer


(D) fewer than three hundred thousand dollars and lessA


(E) of fewer than three hundred thousand dollars and of fewer


with+n.??


959、         Child care already a solid part of the employee benefits package at many companies, more businesses are focusing on a newer family benefit known as elder care, servicing for older dependents.


(A) Child care


(B) With child care


(C) Child care as


(D) Being the Child care wasB


(E) With child care’s being


with+n.+n.


985、Those who have visited the Grand Canyon have typically seen layers of sediment in the gaping canyon, with different colors that mark the passage of time like the rings in a tree trunk.


(A) seen layers of sediment in the gaping canyon, with different colors that mark


(B) see layers of sediment in the gaping canyon, whose different colors mark


(C) been seeing layers of sediment in the gaping canyon, whose different colors are markers of


(D) been able to see layers of sediment in the gaping canyon, with different colors markingD


(E) seen layers of sediment in the gaping canyon, marking by different colors


with+n.+现在分词


上面的with短语有的可能不是作伴随状语,大家看看。


for further discussion!

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发表于 2004-2-24 00:18:00 |显示全部楼层
that's great

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发表于 2004-2-24 00:22:00 |显示全部楼层
先顶!


有几个with + noun 的不是做状语。修饰的是名词,应该是定语成分吧。比如哪个 with less... and fewer...., American crocodiles 的题目。

琵琶幽怨语,

弦冷暗年华。

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发表于 2004-2-24 00:36:00 |显示全部楼层
bryony,说的是这题吧


937、         With a total population of less than two hundred and fewer breeding females than ever before, the American crocodile seemed a decade ago to be in danger of disappearing.




(A) of less than two hundred and fewer




(B) lower than two hundred and less




(C) lesser than two hundred and fewer




(D) fewer than two hundred and lessA




(E) of fewer than two hundred and of fewer


是,这里做伴随状语我看着也觉得怪,但是做定语感觉也很怪,介词短语做定语一般放在被修饰成分的后面,放在前面做定语的情况也有么?


我手头没有语法书,大家帮我查一下,验证一下,这里的with短语到底做什么成分。


thks,for further discussion!

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发表于 2004-2-24 14:02:00 |显示全部楼层
以下是引用ecsniffer在2004-2-24 0:36:00的发言:






是,这里做伴随状语我看着也觉得怪,但是做定语感觉也很怪,介词短语做定语一般放在被修饰成分的后面,放在前面做定语的情况也有么?



我手头没有语法书,大家帮我查一下,验证一下,这里的with短语到底做什么成分。



thks,for further discussion!


一般介词短语是放在要修饰的名词后面是没错, 但要是这个短语造成整个句子的头重脚轻, 则习惯把这介词短语搬到前面去, 让整个句子看起来简洁.


不过我有个疑问是倒底何时表伴随, 何时表定语, 有无规则可寻??(好像V-ing摆前面和摆后面有着同样的问题.)


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发表于 2004-2-24 16:48:00 |显示全部楼层
这里,With a total population。。。是一个介词短语做状语。因为在句首。



介词短语可以做定语和状语,请看下面的例子on the bus:The children on the bus looked at the soldiers. 做限制性定语。The children, on the bus, looked at the soldiers. 做非限制性定语,但也有可能做状语。 On the bus, the children looked at the soldiers. 做状语。


所以,同非限定动词(infinitive, participle)词组一样,介词词组紧跟修饰对象后做限制性定语;跟在修饰对象后但用逗号隔开,可能是非限制性定语或状语;放在句首做状语。


vincent0330 的解释是对的。其实不管做定语做状语,了解句子的意思是最重要的。











[此贴子已经被作者于2004-2-25 14:34:52编辑过]

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发表于 2004-2-24 17:11:00 |显示全部楼层
有可能。不管怎么样,还是要抓住句子的意思。

琵琶幽怨语,

弦冷暗年华。

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发表于 2004-2-24 22:08:00 |显示全部楼层
         good job
转朱阁,低绮户,照无眠。 不应有恨,何事长向别时圆? 人有悲欢离合,月有阴晴圆缺,此事古难全。 但愿人长久,千里共婵娟

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发表于 2004-2-24 22:11:00 |显示全部楼层

     tianwan太牛了!!!





[此贴子已经被作者于2004-2-24 22:29:16编辑过]
转朱阁,低绮户,照无眠。 不应有恨,何事长向别时圆? 人有悲欢离合,月有阴晴圆缺,此事古难全。 但愿人长久,千里共婵娟

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发表于 2004-2-24 22:31:00 |显示全部楼层
以下是引用tianwan在2004-2-24 16:48:00的发言:
这里,With a total population。。。是一个介词短语做状语。因为在句首。



介词短语可以做定语和状语,请看下面的例子on the bus:The children on the bus looked at the soldiers. 做限制性定语。The children, on the bus, looked at the soldiers. 做非限制性定语,但也有可能做状语。 On the bust, the children looked at the soldiers. 做状语。


所以,同非限定动词(infinitive, participle)词组一样,介词词组紧跟修饰对象后做限制性定语;跟在修饰对象后但用逗号隔开,可能是非限制性定语或状语;放在句首做状语。


vincent0330 的解释是对的。其实不管做定语做状语,了解句子的意思是最重要的。











                 拜服!!
转朱阁,低绮户,照无眠。 不应有恨,何事长向别时圆? 人有悲欢离合,月有阴晴圆缺,此事古难全。 但愿人长久,千里共婵娟
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